CN — LARRY ROMANOFF: 生物战的世界 — 第 7 章 – 美国生物武器机构

October 13, 2023




第 1 章 – 导言和注意事项

第 2 章 – 背景

第 3 章 – 美国的生物武器地位

第 4 章–转基因种子(更新)




第 8 章–美国疾病控制中心(CDC)

第 9 章 – 美国外国生物武器设施

第 10 章 – 研究和释放的病原体




The World of

Biological Warfare


Chapter 7 – US Bio-Weapons Institutions

第 7 章 – 美国生物武器机构


Larry Romanoff



 Fort Detrick partial view. Source






US Domestic Biological/Chemical Weapons Facilities:


Fort Detrick, Vigo, Dugway, Horn Island, Plum Island, Pine Bluff, Edgewood Arsenal, the NAMRU fleet.



There are several things you want to know about the biological/chemical warfare facilities in America.



The Nonsensical Cloak of “Medical Research”



Most Western countries, but the US in particular, take great pains to label their biological weapons facilities as medical research institutions, when of course they are no such thing. The US military presents its main biological warfare installation at Fort Detrick (AMRIID) as “The United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases“, which might lead the gullible to believe this is a benign institution that treats measles and searches for a cure for rabies. And according to Wikipedia, the US Military’s Naval Medical Research Unit Indo Pacific, (NAMRU-2), is a biomedical research laboratory of the US Navy “established to study infectious diseases in Asia”. In the UK, the primary Frankenstein institution creating (and distributing) biological warfare pathogens is Porton Down, whose signs claim to be the “Porton Down Science Campus of  Public Health England“. Such big lies.



These biological labs are aggressive in nature, with a mission to cause epidemics and not to prevent them. As I mentioned in an earlier Chapter, the propaganda on the “defensive” nature of US bio-weapons and on the US military’s eagerness to contribute to “Global Health Security” and its aim “to prevent avoidable epidemics“, is just nonsense. As one bit of documented evidence, the Vigo Ordnance Plant could produce one million anthrax bombs per month, and it was not very long ago that the US Army issued a tender for the outsourcing of pathogen production, stating that the tendering company “must have the ability and be willing to grow anthrax in 1,500-litre quantities”, and “must also be able to produce 3,000-litre batches” of unspecified other biological agents. Does that sound like medical research to you?



These military, CIA, educational (universities like Harvard), health (major hospitals), and institutional (Rockefeller, Ford, Carnegie) bio-weapons facilities are “researching” pathogens that seldom have more than 2 or 3 occurrences a year in the US (in a population of 330 million), items such as anthrax, Tularemia, Brucellosis, Q-fever, equine encephalitis, drug-resistant tuberculosis, exotic strains of flu, the SARS and MERS viruses, the Bubonic Plague, botulism, Ricin, EBOLA, hemorrhagic fever, and many more. The United States military extensively studied Q-fever as a potential biological warfare agent, with eventual standardization as agent OU. At Fort Detrick and the Dugway Proving Ground, human trials were conducted on to determine the median infective doses sand course of infection. The Deseret Test Center dispensed biological Agent OU with ships and aircraft, during Project 112 and Project SHAD. As a standardized biological weapon, it was manufactured in large quantities at Pine Bluff Arsenal, storing more than 5,000 gallons at one time. The virus that causes Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus, and other similar, were also extensively studied at Dugway and Plum Island because they can be easily transmitted by infected mosquitoes and cause debilitating central nervous system disorders. From Anthrax to weaponized mosquitoes, Dugway developed and applied America’s most experimental weaponry.



Reckless Negligence



Another important factor is that apparently all these installations – and there are around 220 of them in the continental US alone – are not only sloppy but seemingly reckless to the point of criminal negligence. Most readers are familiar with the 2019 shut-down of the bio-labs at Fort Detrick due to “irregularities” and escaped pathogens, but many hundreds of documented failures have occurred in recent years at many other academic, commercial, and federal government biological weapons laboratories that apparently operate without oversight. Many of these accidents involved deadly pathogens like anthrax, smallpox, H5N1, the Bubonic Plague, Q fever, Hantavirus and more. According to CDC researchers, the number of reported accidents involving lethal pathogens has been growing rapidly, with many of these involving the release of pathogens inside the labs, with the labs frequently requiring extensive decontamination. There have certainly been many illnesses as a result, and quite possibly many unreported deaths, with little of this news reaching the media. According to an article in the New York Times: [1]



“Lab workers at different sites accidentally jabbed themselves with needles contaminated by anthrax or West Nile virus. An air-cleaning system meant to filter dangerous microbes out of a lab failed, but no one knew because the alarms had been turned off. A batch of West Nile virus, improperly packed in dry ice, burst open at a Federal Express shipping center. Mice infected with bubonic plague and Q fever went missing, and workers exposed to Q fever, brucellosis and tuberculosis did not realize it until they either became ill or blood tests detected the exposure. In the recent past, dozens of CDC employees were exposed to live anthrax. In another case, a CDC lab accidentally contaminated a relatively benign flu sample with a dangerous H5N1 bird flu strain — and then shipped it to a lab at the Department of Agriculture. In yet another episode, vials of smallpox and other infectious agents were discovered in a government laboratory on the campus of the National Institutes of Health after being stored and apparently forgotten about 50 years ago.”



One prominent scientist said the accidents at the CDC were “very troubling“, but this is true on more than one level. The CDC website claims to be “the nation’s leading science-based, data-driven, service organization that protects the public’s health.” It is not immediately clear how playing with anthrax and shipping diseased mice and bubonic plague all over the world would be consistent with that objective. I will deal with this in more detail later, but it would seem that the US Military bio-weapons lab at Fort Detrick (USAMRIID) is the Nobel Prize winner for pathogen leaks, the CDC reporting that between 2005 and 2012, this institution suffered 1,059 incidents involving “theft, loss, or release outside of primary biocontainment barriers” of dangerous pathogens”. That is an average of about one incident every two days for nearly ten years, and this is only one installation of more than 200 in the US alone. Moreover, these are only the “accidental” releases; we will discuss later the thousands of deliberate ones.



An article in USA Today, stated:



“Vials of bioterror bacteria have gone missing. Lab mice infected with deadly viruses have escaped, and wild rodents have been found making nests with research waste. Cattle infected in a university’s vaccine experiments were repeatedly sent to slaughter and their meat sold for human consumption. Gear meant to protect lab workers from lethal viruses such as Ebola and bird flu has failed, repeatedly. A USA TODAY investigation revealed that hundreds of lab mistakes, safety violations and near-miss incidents have occurred in biological laboratories coast to coast in recent years.” [2]

“生物恐怖细菌的小瓶已经丢失。感染致命病毒的实验室小鼠已经逃脱,并且发现野生啮齿动物用研究废物筑巢。在一所大学的疫苗实验中感染的牛被反复送去屠宰,它们的肉被卖给人吃。旨在保护实验室工作人员免受埃博拉病毒和禽流感等致命病毒的装备一再失败。今日美国的一项调查显示,近年来,美国各地的生物实验室发生了数百起实验室错误、安全违规和险些发生的事件。” [2]


The USA TODAY team identified “more than 200 of these high-containment lab facilities in all 50 states and the District of Columbia operated by government agencies, universities, and private companies. They are scattered across the country from the heart of New York City to a valley in Montana,” and at these labs USA Today discovered more than 20,000 pages of internal lab safety records and incident reports.



Yet Kenneth Berns, co-chair of a panel of advisers who examined biosafety at the CDC, Fort Detrick, and other federal labs, had the temerity to say that “The country’s best labs have robust safety programs“. And Marian Downing, president of the American Biological Safety Association, blithely told us, “I don’t think the public needs to be too concerned. There are multiple levels of checks and balances in place“. Lies like this should be punishable by flogging.

然而,在疾病预防控制中心、德特里克堡和其他联邦实验室检查生物安全的顾问小组联合主席肯尼斯·伯恩斯(Kenneth Berns)竟敢说“该国最好的实验室有健全的安全计划”。美国生物安全协会主席玛丽安·唐宁(Marian Downing)轻率地告诉我们,“我认为公众不必过于担心。有多个层面的制衡措施”。这样的谎言应该受到鞭笞。


The Americans and the Jewish media have done their best to paint China as reckless or irresponsible in its management of biological labs, especially the country’s two BS-4 or L-4 facilities that perform research on the most lethal pathogens. But the facts are that China has had only one “leak” of a pathogen, in Beijing nearly ten years ago now. If I recall correctly, several persons became ill and one person died as a result. However, the US, the unquestioned world leader in recklessness related to biological weapons labs, heavily censors the information on its own accidents so no one will ever know the total of injuries and fatalities. China is described as “secretive“, but  the facts are otherwise.



Biological Weapons and Vaccines



In stating their reasons for refusing to sign protocols on biological weapons, the Americans revealed something very important, arguing that “verification was not possible with any degree of confidence because of the dual-use nature of biotechnological materials and equipment, which makes it easy to divert legitimate facilities such as vaccine plants to illicit production.” [3] This is something that must be clearly understood by the general public: Vaccine production facilities are indistinguishable from bioweapon production facilities, and vaccines are indistinguishable from bioweapons. This may appear excessively sinister on first reading, but vaccines now seem to have become an accepted weapon in biological wars. These are not shooting wars between nations, but wars conducted by governments and supra-national authorities against various segments of the world’s population.

在陈述拒绝签署生物武器协议的原因时,美国人透露了一些非常重要的事情,他们认为“由于生物技术材料和设备的双重用途,核查不可能有任何程度的信心,这使得疫苗工厂等合法设施很容易被转移到非法生产中。” [3] 这是公众必须清楚理解的事情:疫苗生产设施与生物武器生产设施无法区分,疫苗与生物武器也无法区分。这初看起来似乎过于险恶,但疫苗现在似乎已经成为生物战争中公认的武器。这些不是国家之间的射击战争,而是政府和超国家当局对世界各阶层人民进行的战争。


Personnel at work in the biosafety level-4 laboratory at the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick in 2002. [OLIVIER DOULIERY/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE] Source

2002 年,美国陆军传染病医学研究所德特里克堡 (Fort Detrick) 生物安全四级实验室的工作人员在工作。[OLIVIER DOULIERY/法新社] 来源


You may recall my comments from Chapter 1 that we tend to think of biological and/or chemical warfare in simple terms within a simple framework, which tendency leads us to misunderstand much of what happens around us and to mis-categorise many world events. Today, biological warfare acts in many guises and has many objectives, with many categories of perpetrators as well as classifications of intended victims. Biological warfare has long since passed from the military world into the civilian one, a fact that will require experience and contemplation to fully appreciate. The main actor may be a state government, but it can also be an institution like Rockefeller or a major university like Harvard, a corporation like Pfizer, or a UN agency like the WHO or UNICEF. It is not easy to identify all the participants, nor the puppet-master for whom they are ultimately acting. You may want to think about COVID vaccines in this context.



US Domestic Biological/Chemical Weapons Facilities






The facts of Fort Detrick, its dark history, its litany of pathogen leakages, the media and other reports of strange respiratory illnesses surrounding this biological hell, have never been properly addressed and thus many suspicions continue. Among these, in the recent past, are the strange vaping illnesses and deaths and the unusual respiratory ailments and deaths in nursing homes in the vicinity of Fort Detrick. These occurred at the onset of, and were possibly related to, the origins of COVID-19 – which was itself linked to Fort Detrick in many ways, not the least of which was the COVID-like illnesses among the soldiers training there for the Military Games.




The US Army’s 80,000 m² Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Maryland (USAMRIID) is the military’s main facility for research on biological warfare. The official narrative tells us these facilities are to develop a defense against bio-warfare agents, and everything they do, remains “within the spirit and letter of the U.N. Biological Weapons Convention of 1972″. As many others have noted, this foolish claim doesn’t even pass the laugh test. By the mid-1980s, the section of Fort Detrick dealing with the genetic engineering of conventional microorganisms into bio-weapons, was receiving nearly $100 million per year, and this was only one of many sections and many institutions. It isn’t widely-known, but Fort Detrick has always been a center for human biological and chemical experimentation on American citizens. Many experiments that tested various biological agents on human subjects, one series referred to as Operation Whitecoat, were carried out at Fort Detrick, beginning in the late 1940s and early 1950s. There is no evidence these experiments have ceased.



America’s biological warfare experiments were at first conducted at Fort Detrick, which was the primary facility for such weapons where, as early as 1935, the US began a massive biological warfare program in which weaponised anthrax was always prominent. The BBC produced an informative documentary on Fort Detrick, titled “Hotel Anthrax”, [4] which details much of the human experimentation done at this infamous location on an unsuspecting American public with anthrax and other lethal bacteria. The program traced the development of America’s offensive bioweapons programs, using declassified documents and evidence from Senate and other investigations. Much of what you will read here about the US military’s domestic bio-terrorism inflicted on American citizens and military personnel, will have had its origin at Fort Detrick. When the Cold War began, the CIA used Fort Detrick to conduct secret mind-control experiments on humans as part of Project MK-ULTRA, that involved unwitting US citizens and prisoners. Under the cloak of “national security” military scientists freely tested unbelievably cruel and illegal procedures on human subjects while searching for a so-called truth serum, to make prisoners reveal secrets. [5] [6]



Workers perform tests using the Eight Ball, a 1-million-liter steel sphere built at Fort Detrick in 1952 to measure the virulence of anthrax spores and other airborne bacteria. [Photo/AP] Source

工作人员使用八球进行测试,八球是一个100万升的钢球,于1952年在德特里克堡建造,用于测量炭疽孢子和其他空气传播细菌的毒性。[照片/美联社] 来源


“In 1954, a prison doctor in Kentucky isolated seven black inmates and fed them “double, triple and quadruple” doses of LSD for 77 days straight. No one knows what became of the victims who most likely died without knowing they were part of the CIA’s highly secretive program to develop ways to control minds. In another, captured North Koreans were given depressant drugs, then dosed with potent stimulants and exposed to intense heat and electroshock while they were in the weakened state of transition. These experiments destroyed many minds and caused an unknown number of deaths. Many of the potions, pills and aerosols administered to victims were created at Detrick.” [7] [8] These were the most gruesome experiments the U.S. government ever conducted on human beings.

“1954年,肯塔基州的一名监狱医生将7名黑人囚犯隔离起来,连续77天给他们喂食“双倍、三倍和四倍”剂量的LSD。没有人知道受害者的情况,他们很可能在不知道自己是中情局高度机密计划的一部分的情况下死亡,该计划旨在开发控制思想的方法。在另一个实验中,被俘的朝鲜人被给予镇静剂,然后服用强效兴奋剂,并在他们处于虚弱状态的过渡期暴露于高温和电击。这些实验摧毁了许多人的思想,并造成了未知数量的死亡。许多给受害者服用的药水、药丸和气雾剂都是在德特里克生产的。”[7] [8] 这些是美国政府对人类进行的最为可怕的实验。


“Fort Detrick, still thriving today as the Army’s principal base for biological research and now encompassing nearly 600 buildings on 13,000 acres, was for years the nerve center of the CIA’s hidden chemical and mind control empire. For decades, much of what went on at the base was a closely held secret. Directors of the CIA mind control program MK-ULTRA, which used Detrick as a key base, destroyed most of their records in 1973 when the program was accidentally discovered. Some of its secrets have been revealed in declassified documents, through interviews and as a result of congressional investigations. Together, those sources reveal Detrick’s central role in MK-ULTRA and in the manufacture of poisons intended to kill foreign leaders.”



According to Prof. Francis Boyle who drafted the Biological Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989 enacted by the US Congress, the Pentagon is spending enormous sums of money on biological warfare, $14.5 billion in 2001-2004 alone. Another similar facility was created at Porton Down in the UK, where Britain had recruited bioweapons experts from around the world, and which was employed in close cooperation with the US military and the CIA. It was to Porton Down that the CIA outsourced much of their “terminal interrogations”, i.e., torturing victims to death, to avoid discovery and condemnation at home. A major program conducted at Porton Down was the development of genetically-altered diseases that would affect only groups with similar DNA characteristics, meant to be used on mass populations. This was where Dr. David Kelly met a very strange death, with virtually all public opinion that he was killed to prevent his going public. [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] The US military and the CIA also have no shortage of such “odd” deaths that defy logic. I have provided some examples in Chapter 2 of Police State America, Volume 2 – Dealing with Dissidents. [14]

根据起草美国国会1989年《生物武器反恐法》的弗朗西斯·博伊尔教授的说法,五角大楼在生物战上花费了巨额资金,仅在2001年至2004年就花费了145亿美元。英国在波顿·唐建立了一个类似的设施,英国从世界各地招募了生物武器专家,并与美国军方和中央情报局密切合作。中央情报局将大部分“终端审讯”外包给波顿·唐,即折磨受害者致死,以避免在国内被发现和谴责。波顿·唐进行的一项重大计划是开发只影响具有相似DNA特征群体的基因改造疾病,用于大规模人群。这就是大卫·凯利博士遭遇非常奇怪的死亡的地方,几乎所有的舆论都认为他是被杀以防止他公开。[9] [10] [11] [12] [13] 美国军方和中央情报局也不乏这种违反逻辑的“奇怪”死亡。我在《美国警察国家》第2卷《对付持不同政见者》的第2章提供了一些例子。[14]


Fort Detrick Shut-Down



Screenshot from The New York Times; August 08, 2019; Source



In August of 2019, the CDC shut down the US Military’s biological warfare labs at Fort Detrick, due to an apparent absence of safeguards against pathogen leakages. The CDC issued a complete “cease and desist” order to the military, with the facility reopening partially in November, but not fully reopened until April of 2020 – remaining closed for the best part of a year. It was immediately after this event that the ‘e-cigarette’ epidemic arose, along with frequent and unexplained respiratory deaths among residents of nursing homes in the area. The shutdown was first reported by the Frederick News Post, [15] and confirmed by the New York Times with a rather sinister headline: “Deadly Germ Research Is Shut Down at Army Lab Over Safety Concerns“. [16]



Other media reported on the Fort Detrick closure as well: [17] [18] [19] [20]

其他媒体也报道了德特里克堡的关闭:[17] [18] [19] [20]


It will never be possible to know the entire story about the shut-down of Fort Detrick because information is restricted on the grounds of “national security”. However, it is worth noting that the closure was not unprecedented. In 2009, all research at Fort Detrick was suspended when it was discovered that the institution was secretly working with pathogens not listed in its database and unknown to outsiders. [21] Between 2005 and 2012, the latest date for which I have accurate figures, the US CDC received 1,059 “release reports” – an average of one incident every two days involving “theft, loss, release causing an occupational exposure, or release outside of primary biocontainment barriers” of dangerous pathogens.



A Few Ponderables: Why did the CDC shut down the Fort Detrick USAMRIID bio-weapons lab? Was it due, as the media claimed, to a simple “lack of procedure”? Barring massive contamination and/or infections, why was that huge site kept sealed for six months of testing and decontamination before being permitted to only partially resume work? Was the shutdown related to the outbreaks of respiratory illness and the vaping explosion that occurred at the same time? Was the shutdown related to the emergence of COVID in the US, which also occurred shortly after? Why were most English-language news websites suddenly scrubbed of all reference to the closure of Fort Detrick a few months later, when the coronavirus erupted? [22]

一些值得思考的问题为什么疾病预防控制中心关闭了美国陆军传染病医学研究所的德特里克堡生物武器实验室?正如媒体所称,是由于简单的“缺乏程序”吗?除了大规模污染和/或感染外,为什么这个巨大的场地在允许部分恢复工作之前被密封六个月进行测试和消毒?停工是否与同时爆发的呼吸道疾病和电子烟爆炸有关?停工是否与美国出现的 COVID 有关,后者也在不久后发生?为什么大多数英文新闻网站在几个月后冠状病毒爆发时突然删除了所有关于德特里克堡关闭的参考?


Biological Weapons Ordnance Plant at Vigo, Indiana



Interior of abandoned biological weapons factory at Vigo, Indiana. Source



In addition to Fort Detrick, the US military Biological Weapons Ordnance Plant at Vigo, Indiana, was originally constructed to make conventional weapons [23] but was soon converted to a biological weapons factory. It was a massive production facility that specialised in biological pathogens and weaponry, capable of producing 275,000 bombs containing Botulinum or one million anthrax bombs, per month. [24] [25] The fermenter tanks at Vigo contained 250,000 gallons, or about one million liters, making it by far the largest bacterial mass-production facility in the world. This was not a recent development; Vigo was fully operational during the Second World War, essentially a bio-anthrax factory, one of its first orders being from Winston Churchill in 1944 for 500,000 anthrax bombs, and which Churchill stated should be considered only the “first installment”. Vigo was eventually turned over to Pfizer for “antibiotics manufacture” and was replaced in the mid-1950s by a new state of the art facility at the Pine Bluff Arsenal.



Dugway Proving Ground in Utah



Dugway Proving Ground. Source


The Dugway Proving Ground has been one of America’s most secret military zones, a facility that covers almost 800,000 remote acres in the Salt Lake Desert in Utah. Dugway was established by the US Army in 1942 for the purpose of developing and testing chemical and biological weapons. Many very strange things have happened at Dugway, as you will read later. The residents of Dugway experimented with mosquitoes infected with yellow fever and other pathogens, and were apparently able to produce 130 million infected mosquitoes per month. They also developed aerosol spraying to destroy crops and also to disseminate pathogens such as Q fever – which were widely dispersed around the area.



Dugway Toxins



The Dugway Proving Ground has typically been one of the most dangerous of all domestic US military biological warfare stations, having repeatedly tested Botulinum Toxin, Anthrax, Brucella, Tularemia, Yersinia pestis (Bubonic Plague), and Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus (VEE). Botulinum neurotoxin poses a major bio-weapon threat because of its extreme potency, ease of production and transport. It causes muscles paralyses, respiratory failure and ultimately death if not treated immediately. A single gram of crystalline toxin can kill more than one million people, and can be disseminated in many ways iincluding aerosol or the contamination of water and/ or food supplies. The military has repeatedly experimented with the aerosol dispersement of Botulinum. Leacked documents showed that in 2014 the Department of the Army purchased 100 mg of Botulinum Toxin from Metabiologics for tests at Dugway, as well as unspecified amounts in prior years. Experiments have also been carried out with aerosolized Anthrax.

Dugway试验场通常是美国国内所有军事生物战基地中最危险的一个,曾多次测试肉毒杆菌毒素、炭疽、布鲁氏菌、图拉雷米亚、鼠疫耶尔森菌(Bubonic Plague)和委内瑞拉马脑炎病毒(VEE)。肉毒毒素由于其极强的效力、易于生产和运输,对生物武器构成了重大威胁。如果不立即治疗,它会导致肌肉瘫痪、呼吸衰竭,最终导致死亡。一克结晶毒素可以杀死100多万人,并可以通过多种方式传播,包括气溶胶或水和/或食品供应的污染。军方已经多次试验肉毒杆菌素的气溶胶分散。泄露的文件显示,2014年,陆军部从Metabiologics购买了100毫克肉毒毒素,用于Dugway的测试,以及前几年未指明的数量。还用雾化炭疽进行了实验。


Some Toxins in use at Dugway. Capabilities Report 2012, West Desert Test Center. Source



Biological Agents produced at Dugway. Capabilities Report 2012, West Desert Test Center. Source



US Defense Agency tests GM Insects to transmit GM Viruses



In addition to these toxins, the Pentagon has invested nearly $100 million in gene editing. DARPA has selected 7 research teams to develop tools for genome engineering in insects, rodents and bacteria under DARPA’s Safe Gene program, using CRISPR-Cas9 technology.


Genetically engineered humans



Besides gene editing in insects and in the viruses they transmit, the Pentagon wants to engineer humans as well. DARPA Advanced Tools for Mammalian Genome Engineering Project seeks to create a biological platform inside the human body, using it to deliver new genetic information, and thus altering humans at the DNA level. DARPA wants to insert an additional 47th artificial chromosome into human cells. This chromosome will deliver new genes that will be used for engineering the human body. SynPloid Biotek LLC has been awarded two contracts under the program totaling $1.1 million (2015-2016 – $ 100,600 for the first phase of the research; 2015-2017 – $ 999,300 for work which is not specified in the federal contracts registry. The company has only two employees and no previous record on bio-research.”

“除了对昆虫及其传播的病毒进行基因编辑外,五角大楼还希望对人类进行工程设计。DARPA哺乳动物基因组工程高级工具项目旨在在人体内创建一个生物平台,利用它传递新的遗传信息,从而在DNA水平上改变人类。DARPA希望在人类体内再插入一条第47条人工染色体细胞。这条染色体将产生新的基因,用于人体工程。SynPloid Biotek LLC在该项目下获得了两份总额为110万美元的合同(2015-2016年-第一阶段研究100600美元;2015-2017年-联邦合同登记处未规定的工作999300美元。该公司只有两名员工,之前没有生物研究记录。”



Inside the top-secret Dugway Proving Ground – Source: The Guardian



In the Dugway Proving Ground in Utah, [26] the US military conducted almost 1,200 open-air tests of munitions filled with lethal chemicals, and documents obtained by the Deseret News revealed that at least 500,000 pounds, nearly 250,000 kilograms, of VX and other lethal nerve gases were released into the atmosphere. The same documents obtained by this news medium revealed that more than 300 open-air biological warfare tests were conducted in this area, using lethal versions of anthrax, botulism, the plague, tularemia, and Q fever. This same area apparently contains one of the largest depots of chemical weapons in the US, storing almost 14,000 tons of chemicals and biological weaponry in more than one million containers.



The Daily News published an article on 24 September 2005 in which it detailed that the US Army was planning to avoid public and Congressional scrutiny by outsourcing the production of its biological weapons material. The military began running ads for bulk purchases of anthrax and other pathogens. [27] A series of contracts had been discovered by Edward Hammond, director of the Sunshine Project, that emanated from the military’s Dugway Proving Ground in Utah. These notices asked various companies to tender for the production of bulk quantities of anthrax, as well as to produce “significant volumes” of other biological agents. One contract specified that the tendering company “must have the ability and be willing to grow [anthrax] in 1,500-litre quantities”, and “must also be able to produce 3,000-litre batches” of unspecified other biological agents. . [28] [29]



When a nation’s military is producing lethal biological pathogens in quantities of millions of liters, it is time to stop pretending we are not engaged in biological warfare. It is of no comfort that the military might claim these to be “harmless” strains of pathogens, since (1) any facility capable of producing benign pathogens can easily produce lethal varieties and (2) there is no such thing as ‘harmless’ anthrax.



There is no material difference between a defensive and an offensive biowarfare program, and even fools cannot claim “self-defense” when producing millions of liters of anthrax. Even the US Government Accountability Office, in its 1994 report on these programs, stated that US military’s Biological Defense Program contained “scores of divisions, departments, research groups, bio-intelligence and more, by no means all related to “‘defense’ in any sense”, and were by nature belligerent and offensive military programs.



This is quite strange. We are assured by honest and responsible authorities that the US military is performing only “innocent medical research”, “has never used biological weapons”, and “would never even think of creating such things”. But these same people are simultaneously tendering contracts for the production of anthrax and other pathogens in multiple batches of thousands of liters.



Horn Island Testing Station in Mississippi



Clarion Ledger on Horn Island. Source



There were other sites and facilities besides Fort Detrick that were constructed by the US military solely for the development of bio-weapons, including the Horn Island Testing Station in Mississippi which was meant to be the primary bio-weapons testing site. [30] [31] A government report by the National Parks Service tells us: “The Chemical Warfare Service Quarantine Station on Horn Island was a project by the US Army to test toxic weapons during WWII. The area was a testing range, where the Army hoped to check the effectiveness of their weapons before using them in combat.[32]



Plum Island Germ Laboratory in New York State


Strictly off limits to the public, Plum Island is home to virginal beaches, cliffs, forests, ponds — and the deadliest germs that have ever roamed the planet. Source



It isn’t a surprise that Plum island has a dark history as a top-secret biological weapons experimental laboratory, in no small part because this is where the US military located many of its Japanese scientists as part of Operation Paperclip after World War II. One of the few German bio-scientists brought to America, and one of the renowned residents of Plum Island, was Dr. Erich Traub who was the SS chief of biowarfare research at Reims, Germany before his exfiltration to the US, his expertise apparently being the infecting of ticks and mosquitoes with biological pathogens. While this fact is not secret, an important detail always omitted from the historical record is that Traub received all his training at the Rockefeller medical institute in Princeton, New Jersey, where he spent his time on experiments involving anthrax, cholera, hepatitis, and various viruses. Dr. Kurt Blome, another of the top biowarfare researchers at Reims, was captured by the US military who invited him to resume his research and at the notorious military animal lab at Plum Island.



There have also been recurring references to various Japanese bio-warfare specialists from Dr. Ishii’s Unit 731 in China, specifically those who specialised in entomology as weaponry – the use of infected insects to devastate civilian populations. And in fact, the Plum Island facilities specifically include a tick research lab. Our main interest in Plum Island relates to an outbreak of Lyme disease, which many believe originated here, and will be discussed in another Chapter.



Plum Island is located off the coast of Long Island, New York, and is the US military’s main repository for some of the world’s most dangerous animal pathogens intended for research and use as bio-warfare materials. It was first a military base, then turned into a government animal disease laboratory operated by the US Department of Agriculture, then transferred to the Department of Homeland Security. The stated purpose of its life as an animal center was ostensibly to study foot-and-mouth disease in cattle, but when the US Army officially transferred the facility to the “Agriculture Department”, it coincidentally requested Congressional funding of $75 million “to upgrade the facility to a bio-level 4 status for the express purpose of reinstating biowarfare research”. In 2004, Michael C. Carroll published a book titled, “Lab 257: The Disturbing Story of the Government’s Secret Plum Island Germ Laboratory”. [33] [34] [35]



The reason for the funding was that, according to Carroll, in the 1950s the US military planned a project to cripple the Soviet economy by killing horses, cattle, and swine with biological warfare weapons developed from exotic animal diseases. Carroll wrote that “According to Norman Covert, base historian and public information officer at Fort Detrick, only a handful of scientists were aware of this project. “In many cases there were only maybe five people who knew what was going on in weapons research. People in one lab didn’t know what happened in the next lab, and they didn’t ask.”



When Japan invaded China, one of Dr. Ishii’s (unit 731) grand successes was to develop methods of mass-producing fleas and ticks infected with the plague and other lethal pathogens for distribution among civilian populations – which is how the Americans learned to weaponise insects – to breed and disseminate ticks infested with Lyme Disease from their secret Plum Island Germ Laboratory in New York State. This was also the source of the US programs of breeding and disseminating mosquitoes and fleas infected with cholera and Yellow Fever in China and North Korea, to say nothing of the domestic mosquito programs the US inflicted on its own people. This also clearly relates to the outbreak of ZIKA [36] and the further experiments with mosquitoes as “flying syringes” [37] with the power to “vaccinate” entire populations, and which has no defense.



Founded on Ishii’s human research, the US military developed an entomological (insect) warfare facility, and initially prepared plans to attack Russia and the Soviet States with entomological bio-weapons. The Plum Island facility was designed to produce 100 million yellow fever-infected mosquitoes per month, its output tested on unwitting American civilians by dropping infected mosquitoes and other insects over large portions of the US. As is so typical for the US military, these projects beginning in the 1950s and 1960s were given juvenile appellations like “Project Big Buzz” and “Project Big Itch” and “Operation Mayday”, “Operation Dropkick”, which were tests of the feasibility of producing billions of insects, infecting them with lethal pathogens, then loading them into munitions and dispersing them over Russia from aircraft or even missiles. I will discuss these in a later Chapter. From a US Army report from March of 1981, one writer noted that “you can marvel at how much (or how little) it would have cost to launch a yellow fever-infected mosquito attack on a city – with a handy “Cost per Death” chart included.”



One portion of the Plum Island facility was designed exclusively to develop and test lethal animal pathogens that could destroy an enemy nation’s food supply – as the US attempted to do in North Korea. Deadly strains of foot-and-mouth disease were one result of this research, which the Americans later shared with their fellow psychopaths at Porton Down in the UK – who put it to good use, as you will see. Another portion was the development, testing and production of bombs containing what was called a “vegetable killer acid” which could destroy cereals, grains, and most cultivated vegetable crops. I have a strong suspicion that many of the recent bird flu and swine flu epidemics in the US originated from pathogens created at Plum Island.



US military biological warfare plant in Pine Bluff, Arkansas. Source



The textbook titled, Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare (2007), [38] [39] published by the US military’s Surgeon-General, admits to the establishment of “a large-scale production facility in Pine Bluff, Arkansas”, with the new plant featuring “advanced laboratory … measures enabling large-scale fermentation, concentration, storage, and weaponisation of microorganisms”. And it does also admit that by 1951, the US had produced its first biological weapons, anti-crop bombs, and “antipersonnel” munitions, having “weaponised and stockpiled” all these. It adds that the CIA had independently “developed weapons using toxins including cobra venom and saxitoxin for covert operations”, but that unfortunately “all records regarding their development and deployment were destroyed in 1972” when the information became public. [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] Examine the photo below and ask yourself if this looks like “medical research” or “defensive production” of pathogens.

美国军方卫生局局长出版的名为《生物战争的医学方面》(2007)的教科书[38] [39]承认“在阿肯色州松崖建立了大规模生产设施”,新工厂的特点是“先进的实验室……能够进行大规模发酵、浓缩、储存和微生物武器化”。它也承认,到1951年,美国已经生产了第一批生物武器、农作物炸弹和“杀伤人员”弹药,并“武器化和储存”了所有这些。它补充说,中央情报局独立“开发了使用眼镜蛇毒液和石房蛤毒素等毒素的武器,用于秘密行动”,但不幸的是,“有关其发展和部署的所有记录在1972年信息公开时被销毁”。[40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] 看看下面的照片,问问自己,这看起来像是病原体的“医学研究”还是“防御性生产”。


Interior of Pine Bluff pathogen manufacturing facility. Source



Edgewood Arsenal



Chemical weapons testing at Edgewood Arsenal, now a part of Aberdeen Proving Ground, where the U.S. has manufactured and tested chemical weapons since 1918. Photo dated June 29, 1958. (Baltimore Sun). Source



According to the New Yorker Magazine, [46]



Edgewood was a citadel of secrets. The psychochemical-warfare program was a small part of the over-all research, and in many respects it was the strangest. Once, Ketchum walked into his office and found a barrel the size of an oil drum standing in a corner. No one explained why it was in his office, or who had put it there. After a couple of days, he waited until evening and opened it. Inside, he found dozens of small glass vials, each containing a precisely measured amount of pure LSD; he figured there was enough to make several hundred million people go bonkers – and later calculated the street value of the barrel to be roughly a billion dollars. At the end of the week, the barrel vanished just as mysteriously as it had appeared. No one spoke about it. He never learned what it was for.



The C.I.A.’s saxitoxin was part of a batch prepared by the Army at the Edgewood Arsenal in Maryland in the 1960s. Dr. Ketchum said it was one of the deadliest poisons known to mankind, but added that because of its value to medical research, “it would be criminal to destroy this material.[47] Yale Medicine reported in its Fall 1975 issue, “Dr. J. Murdoch Ritchie, Ph.D., D.Sc., Eugene Higgins Professor of Pharmacology, is watching them with considerable concern.” (Intelligence Agency with some dismay) [48] [49]

中情局的沙门毒素是20世纪60年代美国陆军在马里兰州埃奇伍德兵工厂制备的一批毒素中的一部分。凯彻姆博士说,这是人类已知的最致命的毒药之一,但他补充说,由于其对医学研究的价值,“销毁这种物质是犯罪行为。” [47] 耶鲁大学医学在其1975年秋季期刊中报道,“J. Murdoch Ritchie博士,Ph.D.,D.Sc.,Eugene Higgins药理学教授,正在非常关注地观察它们。” (情报机构有些沮丧) [48] [49]


Chloropicrin gas factory, Edgewood Arsenal. Source



Few people have any appreciation of the lethality of some of these compounds which were regularly fed to both American servicemen and civilians, sometimes as volunteers, but more often as unwitting participants in what should have been termed ‘Operation Frankenstein”. The New Yorker Magazine article [50] noted that the US military decided to pursue the nerve gas Sarin – which is about 25 times as deadly as cyanide, and also VX – which is about 100 times as deadly as Sarin. The New Yorker noted too that these chemicals are readily made into aerosols and are “virtually impossible to handle without casualties”, which typically include the staff as well as the victims. After one test that released the vapors into the atmosphere, apparently so many birds immediately fell dead that the staff had to climb onto the roof to remove all the carcasses.



I wrote earlier that Big Pharma had been involved from the beginning in the US military’s bio-weapons programs. The New Yorker expanded on this as well, with the information that “Edgewood began reviewing hundreds of chemicals, many provided by pharmaceutical companies. One officer remarked, “The characteristics we are looking for in these agents are in general exactly opposite to what the pharmaceutical firms want in drugs, that is the undesirable side effects.” Starting in 1959, the arsenal aggressively pursued phencyclidine – or PCP – which Parke, Davis & Company had marketed as an anesthetic but abandoned because patients were having hallucinations and delusions.”









There were (and still are) many NAMRU installations (Naval Medical Research Unit/), some of these in the US and others abroad. There were NAMRU-D (Dayton), [51] [52] NAMRU-SA (San Antonio), [53] NAMRU-4, [54] [55] [56] which was at the Naval Training Center at Great Lakes, Illinois. There is little useful information available, but as with the foreign versions, there is cause for concern.

过去(现在)有许多海军医学研究单位(NAMRU)的设施,其中一些在美国,另一些在国外。有NAMRU-D(代顿),[51] [52] NAMRU-SA(圣安东尼奥),[53] NAMRU-4, [54] [55] [56]位于伊利诺伊州大湖海军训练中心。可用的有用信息很少,但与国外版本一样,值得关注。



Mr. Romanoff’s writing has been translated into 32 languages and his articles posted on more than 150 foreign-language news and politics websites in more than 30 countries, as well as more than 100 English language platforms. Larry Romanoff is a retired management consultant and businessman. He has held senior executive positions in international consulting firms, and owned an international import-export business. He has been a visiting professor at Shanghai’s Fudan University, presenting case studies in international affairs to senior EMBA classes. Mr. Romanoff lives in Shanghai and is currently writing a series of ten books generally related to China and the West. He is one of the contributing authors to Cynthia McKinney’s new anthology ‘When China Sneezes’. (Chapt. 2 — Dealing with Demons).


His full archive can be seen at

他的全部档案可以在 +

He can be contacted at:





[1] Pathogen Mishaps Rise as Regulators Stay Clear

[2] Inside America’s secretive biolabs

[3] Vaccine production facilities are indistinguishable from bioweapon production facilities, and vaccines are indistinguishable from bioweapons.

[4] Hotel Anthrax
[4] 炭疽酒店

[5] Behind the deadly secrets at Fort Detrick

[6] The mind-blowing history at Fort Detrick

[7] The Secret History of Fort Detrick, the CIA’s Base for Mind Control Experiments
[7] 《德特里克堡的秘密历史》,中央情报局的精神控制实验基地
Today, it’s a cutting-edge lab. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was the center of the U.S. government’s darkest experiments.

[8] CIA Project MK-ULTRA Updated
[8] 中情局项目MK-ULTRA更新

[9] Killing Kelly
[9] 杀死凯利

[10] Damning new evidence that Dr Kelly DIDN’T commit suicide: The disturbing flaws in the official government story surrounding the death of Blair’s chemical weapons expert.

[11] The ‘strange’ death of Dr David Kelly | George Galloway
[11] 大卫•凯利博士的“离奇”死亡 | 乔治•加洛韦

[12] Why I know weapons expert Dr. David Kelly was murdered, by the MP who spent a year investigating his death
[12] 为什么我知道武器专家大卫•凯利博士是被那位花了1年时间调查他死亡的议员谋杀的

[13] David Kelly’s widow ‘SPEAKS OUT’: Views on his death revealed for FIRST TIME in book
[13] 大卫•凯利的遗孀“发声”:首次在书中透露对丈夫死亡的看法

[14] Police State America Volume Two
[14] 警察国家美国第二卷

[15] Fort Detrick lab shut down after failed safety inspection; all research halted indefinitely

[16] Deadly Germ Research Is Shut Down at Army Lab Over Safety Concerns

[17] Army germ lab shut down by CDC in 2019 had several ‘serious’ protocol violations that year
[17] 2019 年被 CDC 关闭的陆军细菌实验室当年违反了多项“严重”协议

[18] CDC inspection findings reveal more about USAMRIID research suspension

[19] After mysterious shutdown, Fort Detrick still shrouded in secrecy

[20] Research into deadly viruses and biological weapons at US army lab shut down over fears they could escape

[21] U.S. Army suspends germ research at Maryland lab

[22] A Paradigm Shift — COVID-19 Needs a Criminal Investigation

[23] Revisiting the Indiana Army Ammunition Plant
[23] 再次访问印第安纳州陆军弹药厂

[24] Vigo Ordnance Plant
[24] 维戈军械厂

[25] Vigo Bioweapons Plant – Indiana Public Media
[25] 维戈生物武器工厂 – 印第安纳州公共媒体

[26] Inside the top-secret Dugway proving ground – in pictures

[27] US army plans to bulk-buy anthrax

[28] A higher form of killing

[29] Allies’ Wunderwaffen

[30] Horn Island Chemical Warfare Service Quarantine Station
[30] 霍恩岛化学战服务检疫站

[31] The Fascinating History of Horn Island
[31] 霍恩岛的迷人历史

[32] Chemical Warfare Station on Horn Island
[32] 霍恩岛上的化学战站

[33] Lab 257: The Disturbing Story of the Government’s Secret Germ Laboratory
[33] 实验室257:政府秘密细菌实验室的令人不安的故事

[34] Lab 257 : the disturbing story of the government’s secret Plum Island germ laboratory
[34] 实验室257:政府秘密的普拉姆岛细菌实验室的令人不安的故事

[35] Lab 257: The Disturbing Story of the Government’s Secret Plum Island Germ Laboratory
[35] 实验室257:政府秘密的普拉姆岛细菌实验室的令人不安的故事

[36] ZIKA

[37] COVID Vaccinations and Oxitec’s “Flying Syringes”
[37] 新型冠状病毒疫苗和Oxitec公司的“飞行注射器”

[38] Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare

[39] Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare


[41] C.I.A. Views on Use Of Poison Reported
[41] 中情局关于使用毒药的看法报告

[42] Saxitoxin
[42] 石房蛤毒素

[43] The case of the CIA and butter clam toxin

[44] Saxitoxin
[44] 石房蛤毒素

[45] Toxins as biological warfare agents

[46] New Yorker Magazine December, 2012, US military Sarin gas; Operation Delirium
[46] 《纽约客》杂志2012年12月,美国军队沙林毒气;妄想症行动

[47] C.I.A. Views on Use Of Poison Reported
[47] C.I.A. 报告对使用毒药的看法

[48] The case of the CIA and butter clam toxin

[49] Snake Venom
[49] 蛇毒

[50] New Yorker Magazine December, 2012, US military Sarin gas; Operation Delirium
[50] 《纽约客》杂志2012年12月,美国军队沙林毒气;妄想症行动

[51] NAMRU Dayton
[51] 海军陆战队代顿基地

[52] Naval Medical Research Unit (NAMRU-D)

[53] 海军陆战队远征军南亚分队

[54] Naval Medical Research Unit Four
[54] 海军第四医学研究所

[55] An Introduction To NAMRU-4: History And Accomplishments
[55] 《NAMRU-4简介:历史与成就》

[56] 伊利诺伊州大湖海军医学研究单位4号:1946-1971年二十五年

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Copyright © Larry Romanoff, Moon of Shanghai, Blue Moon of Shanghai, 2023