EN — LARRY ROMANOFF — Biological Warfare in Action — Chapter 2 — US Domestic Projects and Experiments

December 06, 2023



Biological Warfare in Action


    • Chapter 1  — Introduction
    • Chapter 2 — US Domestic Projects and Experiments
    • Chapter 3 — US Suspicious Outbreaks
    • Chapter 4 — US Foreign Deployment
    • Chapter 5 — The WHO – Depopulation is Reality
    • Chapter 6 — Pfizer’s Perfectly-Timed Epidemic
    • Chapter 7 — US Bird flu
    • Chapter 8 — UK Foot and Mouth Disease
    • Chapter 9 —  Italy’s Olive Trees
    • Chapter 10 – Recent Bio-Weapons Attacks
    • Chapter 11 – AIDS
    • Chapter 12 – SARS
    • Chapter 13 – MERS
    • Chapter 14 – EBOLA
    • Chapter 15 –  ZIKA
    • Chapter 16 – COVID Vaccinations and Oxitec’s “Flying Syringes”
    • Chapter 17 – Epilogue


Biological Warfare in Action

2. Chapter 2 – US Domestic Projects and Experiments

By Larry Romanoff


DARPA Commits $65M to Brain Implant Program for Super Soldier Project. Source


2.1. Introduction

2.2. A Brief Summary

2.3. Project Listing and Description

2.4. Other Biological Tests

2.5. Some Notable “Experiments”


2.1. Introduction

The Trinity Nulear Test. Source

Covert nuclear, biological and chemical experiments on the American public are not new. For at least the past 75 years, the US government waged a war against its own citizens, a long history of performing illegal, unethical, and immoral experiments. [1] [2] [3] Countless millions of US civilians have been exposed to astonishing procedures and pathogens. According to a US Congressional investigation, by the late 1970s “at least 500,000 people were used as subjects in radiation, biological and chemical experiments sponsored by the US Federal Government on its own citizens”. [4] [5] [6] However, as with all US Congressional Investigations, the content was severely whitewashed, with the actual count of victimised Americans being almost certainly in the tens of millions. [7] BBC Radio 4 did a long series of podcasts on these experiments, the series titled “Hotel Anthrax”. [8] I am providing the link here, but the broadcasts have been archived and the pages don’t always load.


For many decades, nobody in the US was safe from victimisation in these bio-warfare tests and experiments on civilians. At one time the CIA even infiltrated the drinking water supply of the FDA headquarters in Washington (I can hardly imagine a more worthy candidate for a biological experiment than the FDA) with a not altogether harmless chemical, to test its ability to poison drinking water supplies with LSD and other mind-altering agents. By 1950 the US military was actively conducting open-air tests throughout the country, experimenting with large numbers of viruses and harmful bacteria, and huge volumes of each, exposing millions of civilians to disease and death. Concurrently, the CIA was actively conducting their own experiments, using their authority to withdraw pathogens at will from the military’s bio-warfare arsenal.


The US government exposed millions of Americans to chemical and biological agents, in clandestine experiments that spanned many decades. In the 1950s and sixties, scientists from the Fort Detrick biological weapons program ran a series of tests to determine how easy it would be to expose large numbers of people to a lethal bacterium. These tests were part of an experimental program originating mostly at Fort Detrick that began in the late 1940s and has not abated. During the first 20 years alone, the US military acknowledged that about 250 such tests had been conducted in which many tens of millions of civilians were unknowingly exposed. When these tests or programs were discovered, the military consistently claimed the agents employed were harmless to humans, but it has become abundantly clear over the years that many of these chemical and biological agents were far from harmless.


Pentagon Records declassified in 2002 revealed that the US government and military often conducted open-air Biological and Chemical Weapons Tests on US civilians until at least the 1970s. The documents disclosed that these hundreds of biological and chemical tests were far more widespread than the US military had previously acknowledged.


For various reasons, the 1970s and 1980s experienced a flood of disclosures that opened a window into a vast array of literally hundreds of unethical and criminal enterprises of brutal and often fatal human experimentation conducted by the US government against its own citizens. Despite this, there still remain large numbers of experiments that are suspected but cannot now be proven, often because all documentation was destroyed in response to overwhelming public anger and realistic fears of increasing political instability, to say nothing of a potential flood of millions of lawsuits.


These pages contain only a brief summary of the litany of biological warfare carried out the by the US government and its various agencies against the American people, with considerable evidence these experiments are still continuing today. The US government hypocritically claims the high moral ground in the area of human rights, but I am not aware of any nation in recent memory that has ever displayed such a consistent, despicable, and utter disregard for the lives of its own citizens. The content of this series of essays on bio-chemical warfare begins with unpleasant details of US government atrocities, and it becomes worse as we progress through the content.


In May of 2009, James Corbett wrote an article titled “Governments and Biowarfare: A Brief History”, [9] in which he stated: “The American government’s approach to biowarfare is notable for its unabashed use of unwitting American citizens as guinea pigs in biological weapons research. The very people who helped establish the U.S. biological weapons programs openly bragged about their experiments on unwitting human test subjects. And there is no shortage of documentation proving that governments have used biological agents against their own citizens in bioterror false flag operations. It is no coincidence that two of the most well-known and devastating biological releases this decade have traced back to Fort Detrick (the home of the U.S. biological weapons research program since the 1950s and the current home of USAMRIID) and Porton Down (Fort Detrick’s British equivalent). UK foot and mouth disease, and US anthrax scare.”


Before proceeding further, I would make a few initial comments. The first is that comprehensive information on this large topic is quite difficult to access. Many official documents have been destroyed, with others  still classified or otherwise unavailable and, while some information is accessible in the public realm, it is scattered and often lacking useful detail. Most sources provide only a small amount of information, often omitting the most serious and damaging events or experiments, while often attempting to “soften” the information by linking American atrocities to something imaginary Germany or Russia did (or might have done, or could have done, or would have liked to have done …) Also, in many cases, including some of the US mass media websites, viewers receive a notice that “This content is not available in your area”, or “You are not authorized to access this page”. I was disappointed to see that ahrp.org was especially useless except in a few isolated instances, providing only a few descriptive words on major atrocities.


Another major disappointment is that websites we tend to trust, often prove untrustworthy, by glossing over or trivialising major atrocities and often by disparaging authors who attempt to expose these. Andrew Goliszek wrote a book titled “In the Name of Science”, [10] in which he exposes many of these human experiments and atrocities. His book is available for purchase, and limited previews are available on archive.org. [11] In this context, I was very disappointed that Salon magazine chose to trash this whistle-blower and trivialise the insane medical experiments performed on Americans. [12] From their article: “Unfortunately, Goliszek is an aggravatingly overheated writer, and as an investigator he can be lazy, too often relying on dubious sources and presenting only one side of the story. He is also a poor analyst of the facts he presents. [H]e skips from scientific disgrace to scientific disgrace with the glee of a freak-show emcee.” Often, the National Geographic, the Smithsonian, and others similar, seem to do something similar, with perhaps less personal smear but with the same intent and result. And the intent is to circle the wagons when the truth escapes confinement, and to paint the whistle-blowers as deranged conspiracy theorists when they are not.


I stated earlier that America’s human rights calculus excludes any atrocities committed outside its own borders and focuses only on what happens at home. That’s mostly true today, but it wasn’t always like this. In fact, all the strident and self-righteous moralising about human rights emanating from the US today is a relatively recent development that began only in the late 1970s and 1980s. Prior to that time, the CIA, every branch of the US military, many Departments of the US government, most prominent American hospitals and educational institutions, and even UN agencies like the WHO, were all very busy committing countless atrocities against the domestic US population. It was only after evidence of many of these events escaped confinement and became public knowledge that the US relocated its human-rights atrocities offshore. The increasing public outcries and dangers of civil uprising forced the US to terminate or relocate these activities and, having made this effort to clean up the mess at home, the propaganda machine worked overtime to distract the American public and deflect attention from these domestic crimes by focusing on real or imagined violations by others abroad. It was only at this point that the Americans began preaching their newly-obtained sanctity by condemning other nations for what were much smaller transgressions than those practiced at home for so long.


Senate investigations produced substantial evidence that almost 250 populated areas of the US had been heavily contaminated with biological agents prior to 1970, with no information on the contamination since then. At that same time, the US experienced a major outbreak of the H1N1 flu strain that was apparently genetically identical to one that had disappeared more than 20 years prior, leading to the conclusion that the military had collected and preserved that strain for future application and had now deployed it in a test. The US military publicly admitted in 1977 that many hundreds of bio-warfare experiments had been conducted in the continental US since World War II, and that several dozens of those involved serious and potentially fatal biological agents.


In 1994, the Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs conducted what it described as “a comprehensive analysis stretching back 50 years of the extent to which veterans were exposed to potentially dangerous substances without knowledge or consent”. They produced what some termed “a damning report” concluding the Defense Department demonstrated “a consistent pattern of misrepresentation” of the hazards of its activity, and had “used” hundreds of thousands of unwitting military personnel alone, to say nothing of millions of civilians, in bio-warfare experiments spanning at least 50 years. A synopsis is available here: [13] The full report is available here: [14]


The United States Government Accountability Office issued a report on September 28, 1994, which stated that between 1940 and 1974, the United States Department of Defense and other national security agencies studied hundreds of thousands of human subjects in tests and experiments involving hazardous substances. [15] A quotation from the report:


Many experiments that tested various biological agents on human subjects, referred to as Operation Whitecoat, were carried out at Fort Detrick, Maryland, for about twenty years from 1953 to 1973. [16]. The human subjects originally consisted of volunteer enlisted men. However, the enlisted men soon staged a sit-down strike to obtain more information about the dangers of the biological tests, and many questions were raised about the “voluntary” aspect of the victims. No follow-ups of note were done, nor were records kept, of the participants. The US military later claimed it had contact information for only about 1,000 of the original participants. The official claim is that no one died in these experiments and that “only two” persons suffered “long-term medical complications”, but knowing the list of pathogens used and considering that the military refuses to declassify the records, we can be forgiven for harboring doubts.


The official Government text, Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare (2007), [17] [18] makes several interesting admissions. It states that between about 1950 and 1970, “at least 239 open-air ‘field tests’ were conducted in the US in which the general public and test subjects were uninformed”. These tests contained all manner of biological and chemical pathogens which were dispersed over heavily-populated areas that included Minneapolis, St. Louis, New York City, San Francisco, and several of the military’s own bases including Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. The report further states that “In conjunction with the US Department of Agriculture”, the military released “anti-crop agents” throughout the US, i.e. herbicides lethal to the nation’s food supply. It states further that the open-air releases of pathogens were performed “to study viability and infectivity”, the resulting massive flood of medical disabilities and the many deaths being either unexpected or perhaps irrelevant. However, the report notes plaintively, “These studies [performed without knowledge or consent of the victims] tainted the history of the offensive biological warfare program”. We don’t need an imagination to understand why.


While we can appreciate his candor, the Surgeon-General failed to record the instances where, in testing “techniques of biological pathogen dispersion” the city of Minneapolis was sprayed with germ warfare materials 61 different times in tests lasting several months, or that the “assumption” the pathogens were “harmless” may have been incorrect in light of the enormous increase in respiratory illnesses experienced in the dispersal areas in and near Minneapolis. He also failed to record the test with the foolish code name of “Big Tom”, where the Department of Defense sprayed the entire population of Oahu in 1965 with a bacterium while practicing a planned attack on Cuba. He also failed to note that Big Tom caused serious infections in tens of thousands of people, particularly those young, elderly, or ill with weakened immune systems. The Surgeon-General informs us further that, included in these other environmental field tests, the military did indeed conduct many “controversial studies” that were meant “to determine whether African Americans were more susceptible”. They were.


Finally, the report tells us that “Public disclosure of the testing program in the Washington Post on December 22 , 1976, and in US Senate hearings in 1977 resulted in harsh criticism …”. But then we are told the CDC investigated the matter of the US military poisoning the population and concluded that in 100 outbreaks of one particularly dangerous bacterium, “none was caused by the [strain used by the military], and the vast outbreaks of illnesses by the same bacteria were simply unfortunate accidents caused by “opportunistic pathogens”. Such a big lie. In a further attempt to un-blemish his record, the Surgeon-General also claims that “Numerous unsubstantiated allegations were made” about the US using biological pathogens against North Korea and China, and swears that “Biological weapons have never been used by the US military”, but that the US State Department “suspected” China, Russia and Cuba to have done so.


2.2. A Brief Summary


Beginning around 1950, the US Army conducted at least 240 open-air bio-warfare attacks [19] on American cities, releasing deadly nerve agents and bacteria from Alaska to Hawaii. [20] In one of these cases in the 1950s, The CIA released whooping cough bacteria from the sea near Tampa Bay, Florida, to test their ability to infect human populations on a large scale. [21] causing an epidemic that left tens of thousands of people extremely ill and killing many others. Whooping cough (Pertussis) was chosen because it is a highly-contagious airborne disease that spreads easily and is often fatal, especially to small children. The disease causes such violent coughing that victims can break their own ribs, the coughing spells leaving them exhausted. An enormous number of people became seriously ill, and many died, none realising their distress was visited upon them by their own government.




In one long-running study that continued until at least 1970, the US Navy simulated biological warfare attacks by spraying large quantities of a bacteria over a 117 square mile area of the city of San Francisco, in which many citizens died and countless contracted serious pneumonia-like illnesses. [22] [23] [24] In one such test of many, the Military determined that San Francisco had received enough of a dose for nearly all of the city’s 800,000 residents to inhale at least 5,000 of the Serratia Marcescens bacteria particles. After news of this attack became public, military sources insisted the bacteria were ‘harmless”, but in fact resulting illnesses were widespread, with countless thousands incurring serious urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, pneumonia and other illnesses. According to authorities, these infections were permanent: “To this day, these bacteria are a leading cause of death among the elderly in the San Francisco area”. After revelation of the tests about 30 years later, some families filed suit against the US government claiming their relatives died and many families went bankrupt trying to pay the medical bills, but US courts all the way to the Supreme Court, declared the US government was immune from lawsuits.


The US Military also experimented with widespread dispersal of dangerous bacteria in a secret release of another strain of bacillus at Washington’s National Airport and its main bus terminal.


Operation Big Buzz was an experiment that took place in June 1955 in Savannah, Georgia and again in Avon Park, Florida in 1956 under the name Operation Drop Kick. Source


In another famous study, US Army biological warfare experiments were conducted in Georgia and Florida where researchers released millions of infected mosquitoes to learn if the insects could potentially spread yellow fever and dengue fever. Hundreds of residents contracted a wide array of health problems ranging from respiratory difficulties to spontaneous abortions and stillbirths. No information was given to the public, and no treatment was offered to the ill and dying. Instead, Army researchers pretended to be public health workers, and visited the victims to collect photographs and to perform medical tests to determine “the success rate” of their experiments, with no permanent records kept, and illnesses and deaths attributed to “other causes”.


Containers of semi-toxic bacteria were planted in the New York subway, and bacteria were secretly pumped into the Pentagon (another great candidate for a biological experiment) ventilation system and clouds of bacteria were released in San Francisco. The process never stopped. In 2005, US Homeland Security released a claimed (but unidentified) “nontoxic gas” into New York’s Grand Central Station to trace the flow of airborne chemicals through the terminal.


During the widespread public protests against the Vietnam war in the 1960s, the US military asked President Nixon for permission to test its arsenal of biological and chemical weapons against the civilian war protestors, to (1) demonstrate the “efficacy” of the chemicals and biological agents, (2) “control” the protestors and eliminate future protests, and (3) “educate people” on gas weaponry.


1966: ‘A Study of the Vulnerability of Subway Passengers in New York City to Covert Attack with Biological Agents,” military officials tried to see how easy it would be to unleash biological weapons using the New York City subway. They would break light bulbs full of bacteria on the tracks to see how they spread through the city. Source


During the late 1960s, the US Army conducted an experiment they called, “A Study of the Vulnerability of Subway Passengers in New York City to Covert Attack with Biological Agents”, in which they released trillions of a strain of bacillus into the subway system during the rush hour. This was only one of many such experiments, which were not suspended until the 1970s. The US Army acknowledged that they conducted hundreds such tests in populated areas across the entire nation, and that US overseas territories like Hawaii, the Pacific Islands and others were repeatedly blanketed with various bacteriological organisms in order to determine the optimum dosages and placements as well as to measure effects of the weather on dissemination patterns.


Following its grand success in obtaining the bio-warfare and human experimentation treasures from the Japanese atrocity programs conducted at Unit 731, the US government embarked on literally hundreds of these secret projects, many begun by one of America’s most morally-deformed psychopaths, US Defense Secretary Robert McNamara. One of the better-known efforts was labeled “Project 112”, which number was its position in a list of more than 150 clandestine bio-chemical projects operated by McNamara against American civilians and military personnel, with funds and operating staff from every branch of the US military and intelligence agencies. Many of the numbered projects in this series of 150, contained numerous sub-projects, and many of those contained further sub-projects. The truth of the total will never be known because the records have been destroyed. Perhaps the most famous and inclusive of these was Project 112. [25] [26]


On September 20, 1950, a US Navy ship just off the coast of San Francisco used a giant hose to spray a cloud of microbes into the air and into the city’s famous fog. The military was testing how a biological weapon attack would affect the 800,000 residents of the city. Source


Project 112 was a series of biological and chemical weapons experiments that primarily involved the dissemination of airborne biological pathogens meant to incapacitate civilian populations, that was secretly conducted on a massive scale within the US, Canada, the UK, and in vast swatches of the Pacific and some other undeveloped countries as well. This vast program was the umbrella under which many hundreds of biological dispersion tests were carried out in the continental US  against the civilian population. Some of these experiments involved potentially harmless strains but many others were quite lethal and led to thousands of deaths and permanent debilitations within large sectors of the US civilian population, the tests in San Francisco and Florida being two obvious examples of the latter.


There were many parts to this Project, with many of them covering extensive areas of both the US and Canada, some pathogen dispersals reportedly covering the entire United States. The names of some of the more prominent biological programs: Operation DEW, Operation LAC, Project SHAD, all part of the very extensive Project 112. Operation Dew [27] consisted of several separate experiments to determine the feasibility of maintaining a large aerosol cloud released offshore until it drifted over land, achieving a huge land coverage and poisoning or killing all the area inhabitants. Operation LAC [28] involved the spraying of carcinogens and pathogens over large areas of the US and Canada, intended to test the dispersal patterns and potential geographic range of chemical and biological weapons.


Many of these “experiments” were conducted on US military servicemen without their knowledge, a major portion of which was conducted in a series of shipboard trials on unwitting American sailors, the project collectively known as SHAD, [29] or Shipboard Hazard and Defense. With project SHAD, the military initially claimed the tests were designed to identify US warships’ vulnerabilities to attack, but it gradually became clear the real purpose was a search for ways to overcome defenses of enemy ships, methods to guarantee the total destruction with biological pathogens of enemy naval forces at sea. One excessively ambitious effort involved attempts to literally envelop a vast section of ocean in a pervasive cloud of biological pathogens that would kill an entire enemy marine fleet while at sea. The military stoutly maintains that no one suffered injury from these tests, belied by the fact that the US government Veterans website contains instructions on claiming compensation for these injuries. [30]


These were by admission very large-scale experiments that were expected to leave “significant or protracted effects on the physical or biological environment”. Understand what this means: the military fully expected their tests to do lasting or permanent harm to the environment and the people. At one time, for this program alone, the military developed – and tested – on US farms and citizens more than 1,000 anti-crop biological pathogens and defoliants. A vast array of pathogens was weaponised and prepared in cluster bombs for delivery to unfortunate victims. The tests used at least 20 different biological pathogens plus another 15 or 20 chemical agents that included Sarin and VX nerve gases, mustard gas, tear gas, and other unknown substances. The program went so far as to search desperately for methods of inducing biological epidemics in both plant and animal populations – in addition, of course, to entirely separate methods of killing off the human population.


Since the victims were unaware of these projects and were unwitting participants, informed consent clearly did not exist, the document record further revealing the US Defense Department conducted many of the tests in foreign countries since they were considered too unethical to perform at home. Given the illegalities and international implications, to say nothing of the domestic deaths and injuries, the entire existence of Project 112 (and SHAD) was heatedly and categorically denied by the US military, repeatedly insisting that such a program had never existed. When a CBS news report revealed some dramatic evidence and indisputable proof of the programs, the Pentagon and Defense Department exhibited “total surprise”, then made pretenses of conducting “an internal investigation” to determine if such a program had really existed – presumably without their knowledge. Later, to mollify an enraged public, the requisite whitewashed Congressional hearings were held, after which the entire matter was quietly swept under the carpet.


2.3. Project Listing and Description

2.3.1. Insectology


The program aims to develop virus-transmitting insects that infest crops. With the help of the genome editing tool Crispr-Cas the viruses can modify the plants’ genomes. Source


That is a new word I created to categorise the US military’s nearly 75-year pathological interest in weaponsing insects for use as biological weapons against unfavored nations. And these do not have to be countries with which the US is actively at war, but merely uncompromising anti-colonials who don’t want to obey the master. These tests and experiments began immediately after WWII and, if anything, have increased over time, with devious programs being carried out at USAMRIID, Dugway, and many other locations, and this has definitely emerged into the private sector as well, with many corporate entities now participating, in addition to US NGOs and UN agencies like the WHO.


The United States has developed and stockpiled a variety of biological weapons agents since the late 1960s. The most prominent agents known to have been developed at the time were Anthrax, Tularemia, Brucellosis, Q-fever, Hantavirus, Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus, and Botulism, but there have been many more. The list is very long, and most of these can be communicated by insects in one form or another. Q-fever, Brucellosis, Botulism, Anthrax, and Tularemia are bacterial infections spread in various ways, and Botulism in particular can cause death if untreated. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) virus is a mosquito-borne virus that can cause serious neurological disorders. Anthrax is of course, very contagious and most often fatal.


With nature not always being cooperative, there is no way to know or to foresee or even to predict the potential long-term results of some of these programs. Natural mutations could easily create insect Frankensteins that cannot later be corralled. Think of the innocent transplantation of rabbits to Australia. Live organisms are capable of chain reactions that would be unimaginable to us. There are also moral and ethical questions. It is scientifically possible to infect mosquitoes, for example, with a COVID vaccine and “force” an entire population to be infected against their will. This is very much the hope of Bill Gates and Oxitec but, just because something of this nature can be done, should it be done? What happened to “informed consent”? And where will our clearly psychopathic leaders be willing to stop? Will they ever stop?


Below, we have a list of some of the insect-related biological warfare attempts, tests, experiments, and this is by no means a complete list.


2.3.2. Project Bellwether


Project Bellwether went further and performed experiments where infected mosquitoes bit humans, though the mosquitos were infected with inert diseases.Source


This was a long set of more than 50 experiments conducted at the Dugway Proving Ground that used the female mosquito Aedes aegypti (Yellow Fever Mosquito) to assess the possibility of transmitting fatal or debilitating diseases to an enemy’s forces and population. [31] [32] It was part of a very ambitious and determined program by the US military to weaponise insects, part of Project 112, and related to Projects Drop Kick, Big Buzz, Big Itch, and all the others similar.


2.3.3. Operation Magic Sword


Operation Magic Sword was a biological warfare experiment to determine whether mosquitoes infected with yellow fever and/or Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) could be successfully bred and then released from a ship near an enemy shore. This was a cousin to the Operations Drop Kick, Big Buzz, and Big Itch. The military claim the mosquitos used for this Operation were uninfected, and that they never conducted such tests with these live pathogens, but the truth may be otherwise. One of the arsenals produced around 3,000 gallons of VEE and Q-fever, and there is no compelling evidence that these supplies were not used. It naturally arouses much suspicion since the US government and military have been proven to have lied about every such experiment in one way or another, one of the most common claims being that the pathogens used were “harmless” while the public were experiencing a virtual epidemic. [33] [34] [35]


2.3.4. Florida GM Mosquitoes


A biologist in Brazil releases mosquitoes to combat a Zika outbreak. Source


In 2022, Oxitec released over 750 million genetically engineered mosquitoes as part of a ‘mosquito control’ program. According to EPA’s Experimental Use Permit: “Oxitec will release into the environment male mosquitoes genetically modified to carry a protein that will inhibit the survival of their female offspring when they mate with wild female mosquitoes. The male offspring will survive to become fully functional adults with the same genetic modification, providing multi-generational effectiveness that could ultimately lead to a reduction in Aedes aegypti mosquito populations in the release areas.” [36] [37] [38] [39]


However, in “a previous experiment conducted from 2013 to 2015, Oxitec released mosquitoes in Brazil that carried an earlier engineered gene, OX513A, and eventually released those with OX5034 as well. While the company declared the release a success, scientists unaffiliated with Oxitec from Yale and a handful of Brazilian institutions published research in the journal Nature Scientific Reports claiming the mosquitoes had mated, produced viable offspring, and ultimately created a new genetic hybrid population capable of surviving in the wild.”


To make matters worse, these are the same mosquitoes – and the same company – that Bill Gates enthused about and called “flying syringes”, in that the insects could be used to administer what would be essentially forcible COVID and other vaccinations. The prospects are terrifying, and it appears more likely than ever that ZIKA was a trial run. I covered this in an article you may care to read: “COVID Vaccinations and Oxitec’s “Flying Syringes”. [40]


2.3.5. Insect Allies


The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, an arm of the U.S. Department of Defense, is planning to use insects to deliver genetically engineered viruses to crops, with the aim of altering the plant’s genetic traits in the field. Source


The Insect Allies program is a recent (2016) DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) initiative ostensibly to protect American crops from various climatic and pestilential misfortunes, [41] But DARPA is not about protecting anything. These insect experiments were presented to the public as “gene therapy for crops”, methods of reducing the need for chemical insecticides and pesticides. But extreme concern has been expressed by competent scientists who believe the project is actually developing methods to deliver a new class of biological weapons, that this is really just another American insecticide warfare program. There is no question that, from the days of Dr. Ishii after WWII, the US military has taken very seriously the possibilities inherent in weaponising all manner of insects. One report at Science.org [42] states, “The critics charge that “the program may be widely perceived as an effort to develop biological agents for hostile purposes and their means of delivery. It’s hard to see such a justification for Insect Allies … because the method is hard to control and unlikely to be allowed in peacetime. Besides, there is an easier way to introduce viruses to plants: spraying.”


2.3.6. Operation May Day

Operation May Day: Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes were dispersed through ground-based methods in Georgia, USA, during a US Army operation codenamed May Day. Source


Operation May Day involved a series of insect warfare tests (on the American population) to discover the best methods of dispersing yellow fever mosquitoes in an urban area. The tests were conducted primarily in Savannah, Georgia. [43] [44]


2.3.7. Operation Drop Kick




Then we had “Operation Drop Kick“, [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] designed to test various ways of dispersing mosquitoes infected with various biological pathogens over large geographical areas, these tests carried out over many parts of the continental US, including most of the East Coast. There were other of these programs of course, all with foolish names and all designed to assess the dissemination of infected insects and other lethal pathogens into civilian populations. These were not minor operations, with the military on occasion releasing one million or more infected mosquitoes into a single civilian area. They were kept very secret since they were illegal in terms of domestic law and contravened international law and many weapons treaties that other nations signed with the US in good faith. For those of you still adhering to the COVID religion, you might care to read this article titled COVID Vaccinations and Oxitec’s “Flying Syringes”, [50] and see if you can make any connections.


2.3.8. Operation Big Buzz



Operation Big Buzz was an experiment that took place in Georgia and Florida under the umbrella of Operation Drop Kick. The tests involved dropping hundreds of thousands of aedes aegypti mosquitos from airplanes to determine whether they could disperse yellow fever among a population as a method of biological warfare. Millions of female mosquitoes were bred, and infected with yellow fever. It doesn’t appear that yellow fever-infected insects were dispersed in this particular case, but there exists much suspicion that the mosquitoes were infected with something. There were many reports of the Army sending officers disguised as health workers to interview the population and gather information on the resulting diseases and epidemics, a subterfuge the military has used many times when dispersing a pathogen on the American public. This was especially true of areas where the populations were mostly black. [51] [52] [53] [54]


2.3.9. Operation Big Itch


A C-119 Flying Boxcar, the type of plane used to release the chemicals. Source


This was a series of tests at Dugway, designed to determine coverage patterns and survivability of the tropical rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis) for use in biological warfare as disease vector. The fleas were loaded into two types of munitions and dropped from the air. Each munition held 100,000 or 200,000 fleas, and which could survive the drop from an airplane and wreak the havoc they were meant to do on a civilian population. It was a copy of the Japanese biological warfare efforts at Unit 731 in China. [55] [56] [57] [58] [59]


2.3.10. Operation LAC


Operation LAC (Large Area Coverage) was a partner to Operation Dew, with similar aims, that of dispersing biological pathogens or microscopic particles of a chemical pathogen over very large land areas. Of particular interest was the range of geographical dispersion and the means of achieving this. [60]


2.3.11. Operation Top Hat




Operation Top Hat was an exercise conducted by the US military that involved the use of Chemical Corps personnel to test biological and chemical warfare decontamination methods. Military personnel were deliberately exposed to mustard gas, nerve gases, and biological pathogens so the army could test decontamination methods. The men used in the tests were not volunteers and were not informed of the tests. [61] [62] [63]


2.3.12. Project 112

Project 112/Project SHAD. Source


Project 112 was a massive series of biological and chemical weapons experiments conducted by the United States Department of Defense from 1962 to 1973 that primarily involved the dissemination of airborne biological pathogens meant to incapacitate civilian populations, that was secretly conducted on a large scale within the US, Canada, the UK, and in vast swatches of the Pacific and some other undeveloped countries as well. It is necessary to note that the populations in the affected areas were not notified, meaning national sovereignty was violated in all instances. The Philippines and Japan were two such locations, but there were many others including Egypt, Liberia, South Korea, and much of the Pacific, and of course the domestic populations within the US, Canada and the UK were also kept ignorant of the tests. This ignorance applied equally to US military servicemen, hundreds of thousands of whom were exposed to many pathogens with varying levels of lethality, resulting in many deaths and disabilities as was also true among the tens of millions in the US civilian population. [64] [65] [66] [67]


The tests used at least 20 different biological pathogens plus another 15 or 20 chemical agents that included Sarin and VX nerve gases, mustard gas, tear gas and other unknown substances. Many of these “experiments” were conducted on US military servicemen without their knowledge, a major portion of which was conducted in a series of shipboard trials on unwitting American sailors while at sea. We cannot fail to be impressed by the passionate determination exhibited to infect populations under every imaginable circumstance and condition. The US military was determined to “penetrate” everything from “arctic inversion weather systems” to “destroying the population of an island complex”, from spreading pathogens over immense areas of open ocean to the penetration of “jungle vegetation”. The dispersal methods ranged from massive spray generators installed in ships or aircraft to miniatures contained in briefcases.


McNamara ordered the military Joint Chiefs of Staff “to consider all possible applications” of these agents (testing biological agents on the populations of disfavored enemy nations), and to develop a coherent plan for the deployment of an “adequate but total” “biological and chemical deterrent capability”, the plan to include cost estimates and an “appraisal of international political consequences”. Understand that this was not meant primarily as a war-time measure, but simply to punish uncooperative nations. The plan was approved by then President Kennedy in National Security Action Memorandum 235 (NSAM 235), which meant it was a secret and highly-classified program directed to biological and chemical warfare against humans, animals, and plants, with testing performed in various combinations of climate and terrain. At least 50 different trials were conducted, many with biological pathogens and some with chemical agents including sarin and VX nerve gases, tear gas and mustard gas.


An agreement was made between the US, the UK, Canada, and Australia to participate in “mutual interest research and development activity and field testing”, i.e., to permit the US military to poison their citizens as well as its own. These agreements and tests were classified Top Secret, and no civilian victims in any country were provided with an opportunity to give informed consent to what was about to happen to them.


All means of dispersal were imagined and tested. Several such tests using Bacillus globigii, an “anthrax simulant”, were conducted in Washington DC, with the bacteria released from spray generators hidden in specially built briefcases. Another series of tests was done in the New York City Subway system by dropping light bulbs filled with various bacteria. For nearly ten years, the Rocky Mountain Arsenal grew plant pathogens intended for wheat crops that were tested in many areas, some outside the US, with stories of American-initiated crop failures in places like Japan and Okinawa persisting to this day. At last report there were still nearly 100,000 pounds of this pathogen remaining in storage for potential future use. [68]


2.4. Other Biological Tests

2.4.1. Operation Dew


Operation Dew was designed to test the feasibility of creating enormous aerosol clouds of biological pathogens from offshore military vessels and maintaining the clouds intact while they drifted over land to kill or incapacitate a local population. The military conducted a wide variety of these tests, at least one of which “dispersed and maintained a cloud of some 150,000 km² over a heavily populated coastal region that covered three US states and much of Central Canada.” Some tests were done with cadmium sulfide, many with various plant spores and other biological pathogens. Many of these tests were done on an astonishingly large scale, with the contaminant clouds covering virtually the entire continental US, stretching from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic Ocean and from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. [69]


2.4.2. Operation Sea-Spray


This was the study that lasted nearly 20 years where the military practiced spraying clouds of bacteria over San Francisco in attempts to learn how to conduct a real-life biological weapons attack from a ship near a country’s coastline. [70] [71] [72] [73] [74]


2.4.3. Operation Big City (Also Operation Open Air)


This was one of the CIA’s many abominable pathogen experiments led by Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, head of the CIA’s secret Project MK-ULTRA. The intention was to find convenient methods of producing “large-scale aberrant mental states on an unsuspecting population“, by spraying a compound over an enemy city and rendering helpless both civilians and military personnel. They were searching for a substance and a method of producing “mental confusion”, physical disablement”, “shock”, “illogical thinking”, “hallucinations”, and anything else that might be possible. One dispersal method was to fit an automobile with specially-designed exhaust pipes that would disperse a pathogen widely on city streets. Another was to use a special suitcase that would exhaust such a pathogen as a person walked down a city street. In both cases, LSD was the CIA’s pathogen of choice.


Another part of this project was to release massive clouds of biological or chemical gas off the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, intending to blanket the entire city with the pathogen and to then monitor and assess how powerful were the disorienting properties of the pathogen. As was typical, the CIA issued strong cautions in internal memos that the “utmost secrecy” was to be maintained to prevent the public from learning what had happened to them. The CIA was involved in many such “missions” as part of MK-ULTRA, including Operation Open Air where biological warfare tests were conducted repeatedly in the streets and tunnels of New York. [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]


2.4.4. Operation Dark Winter


Operation Dark Winter was a simulation of a biological attack of smallpox conducted in June of 2001, a project designed by the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies. The simulated attacks were carried out in Oklahoma City, and other locations in Georgia and Pennsylvania. The plans were partly meant to test the weaknesses of the US health care infrastructure and its ability to handle such an occurrence. [80] [81] [82] It is noteworthy that many saw this as one of the eerie projects that resembled COVID a bit too closely for comfort. According to Foreign Policy, “… the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic bears an eerie resemblance to [this] simulation”. [83] You can decide.


2.4.5. Operation Whitecoat


Operation Whitecoat was a medical research project conducted at Fort Detrick by the United States Army for about 20 years, ending around 175. Its stated purpose was to test the effects of biological agents and various tropical diseases. The participants were subjected to a variety of pathogens that included Venezuelan equine encephalitis, Q fever, and Sandfly fever, among others. This long-running project was supposedly conducted on volunteers, with the official story that the studies were conducted in “a controlled environment” and the volunteers “were closely monitored”. But the facts seem to indicate otherwise. As mentioned earlier, the enlisted men soon staged a sit-down strike to obtain more information about the dangers of the biological tests, and many questions were raised about the “voluntary” aspect of the victims. In reality, it appears that either few records were kept, or they were later destroyed. The US military later claimed it had contact information for only about 1,000 of the original participants. The official claim is that no one died in these experiments and that “only two” persons suffered “long-term medical complications”, but knowing the list of pathogens used and considering that the military refuses to declassify the records, we can be forgiven for harboring doubts.


Wikipedia tells us that all the “volunteers” were all “conscientious objectors” mostly many members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, who were informed of the purpose and goals of each project before providing consent to participate in any project. [84] However, the Church tells stories of coercion and extortion to obtain these volunteers who were seldom informed of anything that was about to happen to them. PBS also has produced a very sanitised version of this study, [85] and the Washington Post calls them “The Military’s Medical Heroes”, [86] but the questions remain.


2.4.6. Operation Polka Dot


Cluster Bomb, showing bomblets; U.S. Army photograph, ca. 1943 at Rocky Mountain Arsenal. Source


Operation Polka Dot was a field test of the E133 cluster bomb at the Dugway Proving Ground in Utah. [87] It involved filling the munitions with various biological agents, most simulating lethal pathogens. They used the bacteria or other agents for anthrax, Botulinum, Tularemia, and the Venezuelan Equine encephalomyelitis virus, among others. It was the US Army’s labs at Fort Detrick that conceived the project to determine the military usefulness of the bacteria for Tularemia. This was one of the nastier projects conducted by the US military. The attraction was that infected persons generally become long-term medical cases since convalescence is slow and may extend to as long as a year, putting enormous strain on an enemy’s resources and medical facilities and effectively removing all infected troops from possible combat. Moreover, the mortality rate can be as high as 40%.


2.5. Some Notable Experiments


From 1989 to 1991, Kaiser Permanente and the CDC  jointly conducted a secret measles vaccine experiment on poor and black children in Los Angeles. The high-potency experimental vaccine had been previously tested on infants in Mexico, Haiti, and Africa, but was discontinued when it was discovered that the children were dying in large numbers. The vaccine had never been licensed for use in the US, and the CDC later admitted the parents were never informed their children were being injected with an experimental vaccine that was potentially fatal. The CDC and FDA refused to release the raw data on the results of these experiments. [88]


Then we have the famous Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment conducted by the US Public Health Service and the CDC in which researchers collected about 600 black men, most of whom apparently were already infected with syphilis though none were aware of the fact. [89] [90] [91] Even after penicillin became known as a proven cure, the men were never informed of their diagnosis, and were not only discouraged from, but coerced against, seeking treatment that was freely available elsewhere. The reason was that they wanted to track the progress of the disease from inception to death, and treatment would have rendered the experiment useless. All the participants died. [92] [93]


In another case, as part of Operation LAC, [94] the US Army for many years sprayed toxic chemicals that included zinc cadmium sulfide over a large number of cities in both the US and Canada, in order to test dispersal patterns of chemical weapons. The US military mounted sprayers on rooftops and vehicles, and on low-flying aircraft, and proceeded to spray an entire section of downtown St. Louis and “at least” 33 other cities including some in Canada. The residents were told these were tests of a kind of “smoke screen” that could protect the residents if the Russians attacked. The US military managed to keep the secret hidden for more than 40 years before the facts leaked out. The public were never notified, and the cause of enormous number of respiratory and other illnesses was never publicly identified. The areas that were sprayed – and sprayed heavily – were densely-populated poor areas with about 10,000 residents each, probably 75% of whom were children. In some families, all members succumbed to cancer within a short time, and there were high rates of cancer in the sprayed areas of all cities but, since no records were maintained and no follow-ups ever performed, there is now no way to know the total number of cancers and deaths that resulted. [95] [96] [97] [98]


From 1948 to 1975, and possibly much later, the US Army Chemical Corps conducted a long series of top-secret classified human research at the Edgewood Arsenal in the US military’s Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland. [99] [100] The stated purpose was to evaluate the effect of chemical warfare agents and to test protective clothing, but even a cursory examination of the facts leads only to a conclusion that this was full-fledged biowarfare experimentation and testing program. And in fact, a portion of the tests involved psychochemical warfare which was driven by perceived need for new interrogation techniques, as evidenced by a 1949 classified report by L. Wilson Greene, Edgewood’s ‘scientific director’, titled “Psychochemical Warfare: A New Concept of War”. [101] The original report appears unavailable, but we have some references to it.


This entire decades-long effort was referred to as the Medical Research Volunteer Program. According to the records, more than 7,000 military servicemen and more than 1,000 civilians were involved in the program and were exposed to more than 250 different chemicals and biological agents. Many of the toxins tested were deadly, such as the nerve agents VX and Sarin. According to government documents and class action lawsuits, the “volunteers” were subjected not only to Sarin and VX nerve gases, and various hallucinogens like LSD, mescaline and PCP, but to other psychoactive agents, tear gas, mustard gas, CS gas, BZ, anthrax, botulism, plague, tularemia, Q fever, dioxins, various pesticides and many other compounds. These experiments are described in detail in a previous article “The US government declares war on America, Part 2. [102]


This one is perhaps my favorite: Dugway – Dead Sheep and Soviet Trickery




March of 1968 experienced one of the more famous events at the Dugway Proving Ground when a military aircraft released several thousand pounds of VX nerve gas into a large and inhabited area, and the next day 6,000 sheep were dead. And not only sheep. [103] [104] [105] One survivor, a man named Ray Peck, told the news that very soon after, a military helicopter landed in his yard, “disgorging officials who collected dead wildlife and performed blood tests on his frightened family”. He claimed that all family members soon began experiencing violent headaches, numbness, burning feelings, psychological loss of control, skin cancers and heart problems. A flood of miscarriages also occurred in area families immediately after this test. A military report that remained classified and buried for more than 30 years was finally obtained and made public by the Salt Lake Tribune. The report stated that the evidence was “incontrovertible” that the US military’s VX nerve gas was responsible for the sheep kill and the human conditions as well, but even with this, the military refused to admit negligence or to accept responsibility for the event. [106] [107] [108]


One of the serious problems in researching and documenting events such as these is that there exists a veritable army of individuals, many financed by the military or various of the sociopathic “Think Tanks” but others of indeterminate provenance, all of whom appear desperately determined to discredit the revelations of these atrocities. One such person is a Dr. Steven J. Allen, an apparent editor of something called the Capital Research Centerwhich receives funding from the Koch Brothers – and which is all you need to know. This so-called independent research center became famous some years back for its published “studies” condemning anti-tobacco lobbyists when it was revealed that substantial funding had been received from tobacco companies.


In any case, our Dr. Allen, who appears to be an expert on almost everything, wrote an article on the US military’s VX nerve gas sheep-kill adventure, titled “Nerve gas, six thousand dead sheep, and Soviet trickery”. [109] To say he was desperately determined to exonerate the military is a bit of an understatement since he produced at least one monograph of about 50 pages to deal with an event that required a few paragraphs at best. Mostly, he attributed the “totally false” accusations against the US military to “muckraking journalists”, to various civilian criminals disguising their sins by blaming the US military, and to various other well-meaning but incompetent individuals. As one example, he noted that “A government official connected with the (biological weapons) program stated that after the VX nerve gas test the “roadsides were just covered with carcasses”, but dismissed this testimony as he did with others by stating that the man “wasn’t a scientist”. We are therefore to conclude that only ‘scientists’, by Dr. Allen’s definition, are competent to notice large numbers of dead animals littering a roadside.

The best part of Allen’s dissertation was his conviction that only the Russians had anything to gain by blaming a massive sheep kill on the US military, claiming that a couple of Russian saboteurs equipped with simple tools they could acquire on the local American market could have pulled off the entire sheep episode – and in fact did so. The benefit to the Russians, of course, would be that “the nationwide outburst of protest” (about the dead sheep) “shocked President Richard Nixon into putting a hold on the entire U.S. chemical weapons program”, leaving only the Russians with this military advantage. So, in Allen’s delusional world, two Russians brought into the US several thousand pounds of VX nerve gas (or purchased it at the local 7-11), then distributed it over a few thousand square kilometers, perhaps using water pistols, killed all the sheep (and people) while magically escaping contamination themselves, then caught the next plane to Moscow. All without being detected.


Allen informs us that if US military involvement had been “at all plausible”, the Army “would have accepted responsibility in a timely manner”. And of course, we all know that to be true since neither the US government, the US military, nor the CIA have ever, ever denied their involvement in anything. Yes, that’s sarcasm. Unfortunately, our Dr. Allen is only one of a great many individuals who feverishly pounce on any and all revelations of US government misconduct and do their best to confuse, obfuscate, overwhelm with irrelevancies, and otherwise contaminate the historical record for the sole purpose of misleading the public. The mass media generally fall into this category, seldom engaging in what we used to call investigative journalism and instead most often producing overt propaganda to parrot the official – and generally unbelievable – story.



Mr. Romanoff’s writing has been translated into 32 languages and his articles posted on more than 150 foreign-language news and politics websites in more than 30 countries, as well as more than 100 English language platforms. Larry Romanoff is a retired management consultant and businessman. He has held senior executive positions in international consulting firms, and owned an international import-export business. He has been a visiting professor at Shanghai’s Fudan University, presenting case studies in international affairs to senior EMBA classes. Mr. Romanoff lives in Shanghai and is currently writing a series of ten books generally related to China and the West. He is one of the contributing authors to Cynthia McKinney’s new anthology ‘When China Sneezes’. (Chapt. 2 — Dealing with Demons).

His full archive can be seen at

https://www.bluemoonofshanghai.com/ + https://www.moonofshanghai.com/

He can be contacted at: 2186604556@qq.com



[1] The US Government Declares War on America

[2] The US Government Declares War on America: Biological, Chemical, and Radiation “Experiments” on Americans

[3] US Army Has Admitted To Conducting 100s Of Germ Warfare Tests On Americans – image source

[4] Secret Government Experiments On The American People

[5] Over and over again, the military has conducted dangerous biowarfare experiments on Americans

[6] Of Microbes and Mock Attacks: Years Ago, The Military Sprayed Germs on U.S. Cities

[7] Hidden history of US germ testing

[8] Hotel Anthrax

[9] Governments and Biowarfare: A Brief History

[10] In the Name of Science: A History of Secret Programs, Medical Research, and Human Experimentation

[11] Andrew Goliszek “In the Name of Science”

[12] In the Name of Science by Andrew Goliszek

[13] 1994: Senate VA Committee Hearing: Is Military Research Hazardous to Veterans’ Health?


[15] Human Experimentation An Overview on Co1d War Era Programs

[16] Operation Whitecoat

[17] Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare;

[18] Medical Aspects of Biological Warfare

[19] US Army Has Admitted To Conducting 100s Of Germ Warfare Tests On Americans

[20] Secret Government Experiments On The American People

[21] Over and over again, the military has conducted dangerous biowarfare experiments on Americans

[22] Serratia has dark history in region / Army test in 1950 may have changed microbial ecology

[23] Navy Fogged Bay Area With Bacteria

[24] In 1950, the U.S. Released a Bioweapon in San Francisco

[25] Project 112

[26] About Project 112 and Project SHAD

[27] Operation Dew

[28] Operation LAC

[29] Project SHAD

[30] Exposure through Project 112 or Project SHAD

[31] Outdoor Mosquito Biting Activities – Project Bellwether

[32] Opening up Dugway Proving Grounds, the military’s secretive biological weapon testing unit

[33] Operation Magic Sword


[35] We Have Met the Enemy And They Are Small – A Brief History of Bug Warfare

[36] Florida mosquitoes: 750 million genetically modified insects to be released

[37] a U.S. Company Plans to Release 2.4 Billion Genetically Modified Mosquitoes

[38] Thousands of genetically modified mosquitoes being released in Florida

[39] First-ever US release of genetically modified mosquitoes begins in Florida Keys

[40] COVID Vaccinations and Oxitec’s “Flying Syringes”

[41] Insect Allies (Archived)

[42] Crop-protecting insects could be turned into bioweapons, critics warn

[43] Attack Of The Killer Mosquitoes

[44] Operation May Day

[45] Operation Drop Kick

[46] Operation Drop Kick

[47] How The U.S. Government Used Mosquitos To Secretly Experiment On Its Citizens

[48] Summary of Major Events and Problems – US Army Chemical Corps fiscal year 1959

[49] Summary of Major Events and Problems

[50] COVID Vaccinations and Oxitec’s “Flying Syringes”

[51] Blacks in Savannah haunted by memory of infamous mosquito experiment

[52] Swarms of mosquitoes, the type notorious for transmitting yellow…

[53] Operation Big Buzz

[54] How The U.S. Government Used Mosquitos To Secretly Experiment On Its Citizens


[56] Operation Big Itch

[57] Operation Big Itch

[58] Using the Flea as a Weapon


[60] Operation LAC

[61] Operation Top Hat

[62] Moreno Jonathan D Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans

[63] Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/2058.

[64] Project 112


[66] Обо всем на свете: Проект 112

[67] DoD Tested Weapons On Thousands

[68] TX Anticrop Agent & Project 112

[69] Operation Dew

[70] Operation Sea-Spray

[71] Blood & Fog: The Military’s Germ Warfare Tests in San Francisco

[72] Serratia has dark history in region / Army test in 1950 may have changed microbial ecology

[73] Navy Fogged Bay Area With Bacteria

[74] In 1950, the U.S. Released a Bioweapon in San Francisco

[75] CIA May Have Tested Biological Warfare in New York in ’50s, Church Says

[76] Operation Big City

[77] Operation Big City – Biological Weapons Testing On U.S Citizens

[78] Operation Big City

[79] Operation Big City Top-Secret Bioweapons Testing- NEWYORK 1956

[80] Operation Dark Winter

[81] Shining Light on “Dark Winter”

[82] Two decades of pandemic war games failed to account for Donald Trump

[83] America’s Pandemic War Games Don’t End Well

[84] Operation Whitecoat

[85] Operation Whitecoat

[86] The Military’s Medical Heroes

[87] Operation Polka Dot

[88] CDC Says It Erred in Measles Study

[89] The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment

[90] The Syphilis Study at Tuskegee Timeline

[91] Tuskegee Experiment: The Infamous Syphilis Study

[92] The Tuskegee Syphilis Study

[93] Tuskegee Syphilis Study

[94] Operation LAC

[95] U.S. Performed Radiation Experiments On Its Own Citizens, New Book Reveals

[96] Army’s secret chemical testing in St. Louis neighborhoods during Cold War raising new concerns

[97] The Army Sprayed St. Louis With Toxic Aerosol During A Just Revealed 1950s Test

[98] Suit filed over government test-spraying in St. Louis during cold war

[99] Edgewood Arsenal human experiments

[100] Edgewood Arsenal human experiments

[101] Wilson Greene, “Psychochemical Warfare: A New Concept of War”; Operation Delirium

[102] The US Government Declares War on America — Part 2 — Biological Warfare

[103] Dugway sheep incident

[104] How the Death of 6,000 Sheep Spurred the American Debate on Chemical Weapons

[105] The Skull Valley Sheep Kill


[107] Nerve gas at Dugway

[108] Dead Sheep at Dugway.

[109] Dr. Steven J. Allen; “Nerve gas, six thousand dead sheep, and Soviet trickery”



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