The United States has developed and stockpiled a variety of biological weapons agents since the late 1960s. The most prominent agents known to have been developed at the time were Anthrax, Tularemia, Brucellosis, Q-fever, Hantavirus, Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus, and Botulism, but there have been many more. The list is very long, and most of these can be communicated by insects in one form or another. Q-fever, Brucellosis, Botulism, Anthrax, and Tularemia are bacterial infections spread in various ways, and Botulism can cause death if untreated. Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) virus is a mosquito-borne virus that can cause serious neurological disorders. Anthrax is of course, very contagious, and most often fatal.
In 1978 the US Department of Defense admitted that, despite a Presidential order and an international treaty banning the research and development of biological agents, it continued to operate research facilities at 127 sites, institutions and universities around the nation, and an unspecified number (but around 100) in other nations. Lastly, one researcher provided this gem: “An extract from a U.S. Army report details why smallpox was selected as the agent of choice.”Its “attractive” features are listed as: 1. Smallpox is highly infectious with close contact. It spreads readily from an infected person to susceptible individuals. 2. A long incubation period of relatively constant duration permits the operatives responsible to leave the country before the first case is diagnosed. 3. The duration of illness for those who recover is relatively long.” The US military has even tried to weaponise venereal diseases, leading to travesties like the Guatemala Syphilis project, where they infected thousands then left them to die. The official narrative, while admitting the criminality, stubbornly adheres to the tale of a charitable purpose of testing medications – for thousands who were specifically denied the medicines that would have saved their lives.
The US Army regularly produces deadly viruses, bacteria, and toxins in direct violation of the UN Convention on the prohibition of Biological Weapons. Hundreds of thousands of unwitting people are systematically exposed to dangerous pathogens and other incurable diseases. Bio-warfare scientists using diplomatic cover test man-made viruses at military laboratories in 25 countries across the world. These US bio-laboratories are funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) under a $ 2.1 billion military program– Cooperative Biological Engagement Program (CBEP), and located in former Soviet Union countries such as Georgia and Ukraine, the Middle East, South East Asia, and Africa.
There is a long list of lethal pathogens the US military has been playing with for decades now. Here is a partial list extracted from US government documents: Anthrax, Hemorrhagic fever, Hantavirus, MERS and SARS, EBOLA, avian viruses (H5N1), Botulinum, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis C, , Cholera, Swine flu, Tularemia, Meningitis, Nipa virus, Brucellosis, Orthopoxviruses, acute febrile illness/fevers of unknown origin, acute respiratory infection, sexually transmitted infections and military prevalence, global traveler’s diarrhea, and central nervous system infection surveillance. 
Much of this “research” involves collecting DNA and other biological material from citizens of many nations. I have already covered the US military’s advertisements for the collection of synovial fluid from “pure ethnic Russians”, but these collections have been proven to have occurred in most all nations where the US has established its biological warfare research institutions. As one example, “Apart from Russians, the US has been collecting biological material from both healthy and cancer patients in China. The US National Cancer Institute has collected biological samples from subjects from Linxian, Zhengzhou, and Chengdu in China. Another federal project includes analysis of hundreds of serum samples collected from Chinese patients.”
The US National Cancer Institute has been collecting biological material from patients of the Chinese Cancer Hospital in Beijing. Source
Russia accused the US of using Ukraine to manufacture biological weapons using bats, birds, and fleas to spread deadly infections, claims that the US was involved in a biological warfare program against Russia. They claimed, with some compelling evidence, that the US was looking for ways to use migratory birds to spread dangerous infections to Russia.  But the interest of the US military and the CIA in using birds as vectors (carriers) for pathogens in a biological warfare context, goes back at least 60 years. According to 1977 Congressional testimony, a CIA-front organization called the Human Ecology Fund was funding various programs under Project MK-ULTRA and MK-NAOMI for this purpose. And in fact, as far back as October 1961, the CIA funded a project titled, “Role of Avian Vectors in Transmission of Disease.”
The Washington Post published an excellent and detailed article on some of the US military’s attempts to learn how to use birds as vectors (carriers) for various pathogens meant to be distributed to other nations in their biological warfare program.  This article notes in much detail not only the extensive efforts made in this area, but the deep involvement of the Smithsonian Institution in these trials. Today, the Smithsonian do their best to either disclaim knowledge of the trials or to pretend they were not “top-secret”, while documents prove otherwise. The article begins, “Twenty years ago, a team of Smithsonian researchers landed on a string of remote Pacific islands to study the comings and goings of sea birds — terns, albatrosses, gulls. But there was another reason they were there, one stamped “Secret.”The leaders of this scholarly band of curators and ecologists reported their findings to military scientists whose interest was not birds but biological weapons. The Pacific project was two separate missions existing side by side: the Smithsonian’s and the Pentagon’s. The Smithsonian was only too eager to be given funds to study bird migratory patterns and the military was eager to find “safe” sites for atmospheric testing of biological weapons in the Pacific. Such sites could be determined from the Smithsonian research.”
It continues further, “Smithsonian researchers burned copies of some project notes and correspondence with the military, but many of their originals are preserved in acid-free boxes deep within the Smithsonian’s own archives, which are open to the public. Forgotten by many, consulted by few, the 17 square feet of records contain day-by-day accounts, maps, photos, and correspondence with the military. All are pieces of a puzzle that show the Pacific Ocean Bird Project was one of the largest and most mysterious undertakings in the institution’s 139-year history.”
“The Pacific study had projects within projects. One was Operation Starbrite, described in a 1964 Smithsonian report classified “Confidential” by the Army. The Starbrite program consisted of monthly 15-day cruises aboard U.S. Navy vessels operating out of Pearl Harbor. Cruising a 50,000-square-mile grid of ocean and atolls, the Smithsonian personnel were to record “all visible animal life.” From sunrise to sunset, they were to note the activity of birds, the species, and numbers, and their every movement. Officers from Utah’s Fort Deseret Test Center, where biological weapons research was conducted, accompanied Smithsonian scientists on many “Starbrite cruises” to islands with names like French Frigate Shoals, Christmas Island, and the Phoenix Islands. Attempts were made to collect as many specimens as possible.”
The CIA’s MK-ULTRA and MK-NAOMI Projects
MK/NAOMI Project: US Senators Frank Church and Tower John examine the CIA’s dart gun with poison that causes cancer and heart attacks, during the US enquiry into the Senate committee investigating plans to assassinate foreign leaders.Source
According to the Washington Post and other sources, “Former military scientists state that researchers at the Fort Frederick biological warfare complex were conducting elaborate research and experiments using birds, at the same time that intensive work was being performed on ticks as vectors. One former microbiologist said, “Some of these experiments employing birds as vectors for biological agents were part and parcel with MK/NAOMIand the K Project. I am certain that as many as 750,000 birds, maybe as many as one million, and about $3 million, were used in the mid-1960s by Detrick microbiologists under the direction of CIA officials.” They claim that in addition to the CIA’s activity, the Human Ecology Fund (a CIA-funded front organisation) was also involved with the Office of Naval Intelligence, all active in bird research for several years in the 1960s.“
As fantastic as the claims about bird vectors seem, these authors have discovered that the CIA and Fort Detrick did indeed institute and conduct at least three bird-related MK/NAOMI projects throughout the 1960s, one codenamed Project STARBRIGHT. Some Fort Detrick researchers recall having to receive special inoculations for the project. A detailed article in the Journal of the History of Biology (Issue 34, 2001) by Roy MacLeod, University of Sydney, Australia, reveals that nobody connected with the project was “told which diseases” the inoculations were for. States MacLeod, “In fact, [project] staff were told as little as possible, and then only on a ‘need to know’ basis.” MacLeod also writes, “During the same period, studies, studies of dissemination— ‘delivery systems’ — of biological weapons are known to have formed part of the research portfolio of both the CIA and the Chemical Corps. Among the more notorious projects were those to develop so-called ‘nondiscernible microbioinoculators’ – the dart gun was one example— and aerosol sprays, along with the potential use of insects (including ticks) and other organic agents.” MacLeod also underscores that on December 9, 1968, an article in Scientific Research by William E. Small “alleged that the Smithsonian Institution [a partner in the Army’s bird projects] was deeply committed to studies in Brazil and the Pacific dealing with the mechanisms by which rare viruses and blood parasites are transmitted from birds, mammals and insects to man.”
A lesser short-nosed fruit bat, famous for their immunity to a wide range of diseases. Source
According to an (edited) excerpt from the South China Morning Post, “The US military has a long history of enlisting the help of animals in warfare. The bottlenose dolphin’s sophisticated sonar enabled the Navy to detect and clear underwater bombs during the Iraq War, and homing pigeons played a vital role as secret messengers during both world wars. But there is one animal that the military has had significantly less success in conscripting, and that is the bat. In the wake of the Pearl Harbor bombing in 1941, hundreds of Mexican free-tailed bats were recruited as part of a hare-brained scheme to blow up Japanese cities by arming the flying insectivores with tiny bombs and releasing them from planes. The idea was that the bats would roost in buildings and explode, killing the enemy as they slept.” This one apparently didn’t work well.
“Undeterred, the scientists ran a test of “ProjectX-ray” using real bats and tiny bombs in June 1943. Things did not go as planned. A report on the experiment stated somewhat evasively that “testing was concluded … when a fire destroyed a large portion of the test material.” It failed to mention that the barracks, control tower and several other buildings at the auxiliary field station in Carlsbad, New Mexico, were set spectacularly ablaze by escapee bat bombers. The need to maintain military secrecy prevented civilian firefighters from entering the scene, and fire leapt from building to building, incinerating most of the base. As a final insult, a couple of winged missiles went AWOL, taking up roost under a general’s car before exploding.” 
Group photo of the colorful team behind Project X-Ray. Source
According to the same article, “Fruit bats have an almost supernatural ability to harbor some of the planet’s most deadly viruses without getting sick themselves. Inject an Egyptian fruit bat with the Marburg virus – a hemorrhagic relative of the infamous Ebola virus – and nothing happens. Do the same thing to a human, and within a week, the patient is bleeding to death, according to Thomas Kepler, a professor of microbiology at Boston University. Kepler’s team jump-started its work by examining the whole genome of the Egyptian fruit bat, chosen because it is a known reservoir for the lethal Marburg virus. Kepler’s study was supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Natural outbreaks of Marburg virus infection have occurred in African countries and are rare but extremely deadly, with a fatality rate of up to 90 per cent. There is no antidote – and that has made the Marburg virus a prime candidate for biological warfare.” 
221 bats were euthanized at the Lugar Center for research purposes in 2014. Source
According to research performed by Dilyana Gaytandzhieva, beginning as early as 2012, the US CDC was collecting hundreds of bats for research at the Lugar Center in Georgia under a project funded by the US DoD Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Apparently many of the samples were shipped to the CDC headquarters in Atlanta for screening for multiple pathogens. Two years later, the US CDC launched a second project “Emerging zoonotic pathogens in Georgian bats” at the Lugar Center in Georgia, this one funded by the US International Science and Technology Center, under a kind of program providing useful employment for former biological weapons scientists. A bit later, in 2017, the US military began another multi-million-dollar program involving genetic studies on coronaviruses in 5,000 bats collected from Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Jordan, again using the Lugar Center in Georgia.
According to Dilyana’s research, it was US-based Eco Health Alliance, under contract with the Pentagon, and with a multi-million dollar grant from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), that also collected bats and isolated coronaviruses in China, working with the Wuhan Institute of Virology. “Peter Daszak, president of Eco Health Alliance, told Democracy Now that he had collected bat samples with Chinese colleagues but [that] the Wuhan laboratory did not house the culture of bat viruses but [only did the] genetic sequencing.” It thus seems that the bat virus cultures were again sent to the CDC labs in Atlanta for further development. There were other such “studies” as well, involving both China and Africa, in these cases with US scientists working under a $200 million USAID program that again involved the US CDC and Eco Health Alliance, all under grants from the US military for the same activity – searching for novel coronaviruses in bats around the world. 
The US military displayed a flurry of interest in the coronaviruses harbored in bats, and the potential of their transmission to humans. According to several sources, DARPA began spending millions on this research from about 2015 or 2016, with much of the research being conducted in US biolabs surrounding China. As well, much of the research took place within China at the virology lab in Wuhan where, apparently, some discoveries were made. I don’t want to delve into COVID here, but my reading of this bit of confusing mess is that the Americans approached the Chinese based on fellowship and shared research, the unwitting Chinese assisting the Americans in lighting the way to designing a Chinese-specific coronavirus that the Americans managed to inflict on China. To quote Whitney Webb, “not only was the U.S. military, including its controversial research arm — the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), recently funding studies in and near China that discovered new, mutant coronaviruses originating from bats, but the Pentagon also became recently concerned about the potential use of bats as bioweapons.”
Since around 2015 there appears to have been a literal flood of activity, nearly frenzied on occasion, about the potential for bats to be used as biological weapons in one form or another. As several authors have reported, DARPA spent $10 million on one study alone in 2018,  to determine precisely how bat viruses can be transmitted to humans. Another research project backed by both DARPA and the US NIH used researchers at Colorado State University  examine the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in bats and camels and to understand how the disease can be transmitted to humans.
Bats are natural reservoir hosts to several emerging viruses with pandemic potential, including Marburg, Nipah, and SARS and MERS-coronaviruses. Source
As Whitney Webb reported, “Other U.S. military-funded studies, discussed in detail later in this report, discovered several new strains of novel coronaviruses carried by bats, both within China and in countries bordering China. The U.S. military — specifically the Department of Defense’s Cooperative Threat Reduction Program — began funding research involving bats and deadly pathogens, including the coronaviruses MERS and SARS, a year prior in 2017. One of those studies focused on “Bat-Borne Zoonotic Disease Emergence in Western Asia” and involved the Lugar Center in Georgia, identified by former Georgian government officials, the Russian government and independent, investigative journalist Dilyana Gaytandzhieva as a covert U.S. bioweapons lab. USAMRIID (Fort Detrick) has recently been involved in research borne out of the Pentagon’s recent concern about the use of bats as bioweapons.”
“Beyond the U.S. military’s recent expenditures on and interest in the use of bats of bioweapons, it is also worth examining the recent studies the military has funded regarding bats and “novel coronaviruses,” such as that behind the recent outbreak, that have taken place within or near China.  For instance, one study conducted in Southern China in 2018 resulted in the discovery of 89 new “novel bat coronavirus” strains that use the same receptor as the coronavirus known as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). That study was jointly funded by the Chinese government’s Ministry of Science and Technology and USAID (which is widely acknowledged to be a front for U.S. intelligence,  and the U.S. National Institute of Health — which has collaborated with both the CIA and the Pentagon on infectious disease and bioweapons research.” 
Yet another U.S. government-funded study that discovered still more new strains of “novel bat coronavirus” was published under the title, “Discovery and Characterization of Novel Bat Coronavirus Lineages from Kazakhstan”, which study focused on “the bat fauna of central Asia, which link China to eastern Europe”. The study was entirely funded by the DTRA. 
Operation Whitecoat: Infected flies tested to bite humans. Source
The US military has had a nearly 75-year pathological interest in weaponsing insects for use as biological weapons, the tests and experiments beginning immediately upon assuming Shiro Ishii’s research after WWII, and increasing over time, with devious programs being carried out at USAMRIID (Fort Detrick), Dugway, among other locations. This specialty has now emerged into the private sector, with many corporate entities, universities, hospitals, US health agencies, now participating, in addition to US NGOs and UN agencies like the WHO.
There is much evidence to document the long history the US has had in using insects as vectors for diseases. According to a partially declassified 1981 US Army report, American bio warfare scientists carried out many such experiments as part of the US Entomological Warfare Program. One revelation from a declassified 1981 US Army report: How to kill 625,000 people for just $0.29 cost per death. The US military carried out tests of 16 simultaneous aerosol attacks on a city by A. Aegyptus mosquitoes, infected with Yellow Fever and Tularemia, to assess their relative effectiveness in cost and casualties. 
Tularemia is one of the bio-weapons that the US Army developed in the past. Source
The US military not only has patents on the various insects and methods, but has a patent (U.S. Patent No. 8,967,029, dated March 3, 2015) for spreading infected insects over (presumably) hostile territory. “An unmanned aerial vehicle for spreading infected insects in the air. The device allows you to transfer infected mosquitoes by air to a given area and release them. As a result, a large number of people are infected, enemy soldiers are destroyed without risk to American servicemen.”  Unfortunately, Nature Magazine uses this as an opportunity to provoke fear of “terrorist-funded” biological warfare instead of focusing the real threat which is the US military and America’s political push for global dominance. 
US patent for infected insect distribution system. Source
Russia has apparently obtained some 100,000 pages of secret documents on this topic, including the US patent for a remotely controlled “device for the aerial release of mosquitoes.”  The document states in part, “With the toxic mosquito release system, large masses of people can be immunized or enemy troops can now be wiped put or rendered useless without having to risk or endanger our own troops. […] For military purpose, the mosquitoes may be used to deliver an agent such as malaria to create sickness, or they could use much more toxic or highly contagious agents and viruses.” Naturally, disclaimers follow quickly: “The accusations you outlined are totally absurd and likely an invention of the fanciful Russian disinformation campaign against the West.” Here is an excellent article on the subject, with many details and photos: 
Here is an edited summary from the translation of the Bulgarian investigative journalist Dilyana Gaytandzhieva:
Internal documents disclosed by Georgians show that the American Embassy to Tbilisi transports frozen human blood and pathogens for deadly diseases and biting insects under a secret military program, and does so under cover of “diplomatic immunity” with the pathogens in a “diplomatic bag“. The biological laboratory at Lugar Center is centered in a residential area and heavily guarded. All areas within 100 meters are under 24-hour camera surveillance. When she approached the site, her passport was demanded and she was threatened with arrest for being near the lab. Her requests for access and interviews were rejected. From a great distance, the air is laden with the smell of chemicals. Residents claim that dangerous chemicals are secretly burned at night and that hazardous waste from the lab is emptied into the nearby river. The neighbors told of a tragic incident involving four Filipinos working at the Lugar Center in which two of them died immediately. When the ambulance came the second time, the foreigners were foaming at the mouth, screaming for help, and they died before the ambulance could take them away. It was all covered up by the US lab and the government. At first, they said the foreigners suffered food poisoning from fish, then that they died from a gas leak in their apartment. 
In a later Chapter in this series, I will provide a list of some of the insect-related biological warfare attempts, tests, experiments, made by the US military, mostly on its own citizens. The list includes items like Project Bellwether, a very ambitious and determined program by the US military to weaponise insects, Operation Magic Sword, Operation May Day, Operation Drop Kick, Operation Big Buzz, Operation Big Itch, and many more.
The Insect Allies program is pursuing scalable, readily deployable, and generalizable countermeasures against potential natural and engineered threats to the food supply with the goals of preserving the U.S. crop system. To develop such countermeasures, Insect Allies performer teams are leveraging a natural and efficient two-step delivery system to transfer modified genes to plants: insect vectors and the plant viruses they transmit. The program’s three technical areas—viral manipulation, insect vector optimization, and selective gene therapy in mature plants—layer together to support the goal of rapidly modifying plant traits without the need for extensive infrastructure. Since the start of the program, Insect Allies teams with expertise in molecular and synthetic biology have demonstrated mounting technical breakthroughs . . . 
The Insect Allies program is a recent (2016) DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) initiative ostensibly to protect American crops from various climatic and pestilential misfortunes,  But DARPA is not about protecting anything. These insect experiments were presented to the public as “gene therapy for crops”, methods of reducing the need for chemical insecticides and pesticides. But extreme concern has been expressed by competent scientists who believe the project is developing methods to deliver a new class of biological weapons, that this is just another American insecticide warfare program. There is no question that, from the days of Dr. Ishii after WWII, the US military has taken very seriously the possibilities inherent in weaponising all manner of insects. One report at Science.org  states, “The critics charge that “the program may be widely perceived as an effort to develop biological agents for hostile purposes and their means of delivery. It is hard to see such a justification for Insect Allies … because the method is hard to control and unlikely to be allowed in peacetime. Besides, there is an easier way to introduce viruses to plants: spraying.” Another Science article is titled, “Agricultural research, or a new bioweapon system?” Counterpunch deals with it in an article titled, “Criminal Behavior: US May be Developing Biological Weapons”.  Here are a few excerpts:
An article appearing October 4, 2018 in Science magazine deals with a U.S. Defense Department project named “Insect Allies” which began in 2017 and runs for four years. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)is providing four U.S. Universities with $45 million in funding to enable researchers to alter the gene make-up of plants grown as crops on farms. DARPA claims to be “addressing national security challenges in agriculture domestically and abroad.” Genes are being “edited”, says DARPA, so that plants can resist diseases, drought, floods, excessive heat, or “natural or engineered harmful biological agents. Yet the five authors of the report, evolutionary biologists, and lawyers at German and French Universities, see the U.S. Defense Department as probably developing offensive biological-warfare capabilities.The United States, they explain, actually may be working on an innovative mechanism of genetic modification programmed to reduce productivity rather than to maintain or increase it.”
“The Science magazine report focuses on a new delivery system Defense Department researchers are using to transfer altered genetic material to crops in the field. The authors cite the BWC which says: “certain developments in science and technology have the potential for use contrary to the provisions of the Convention now or in the future. These developments include, inter alia…to develop novel means of delivering biological agents and toxins.” The idea of a “novel means” is crucial to what follows here. There is silence also on the likelihood that HEGAA gene modification will lead to inconsistent results. The insects, for example, will not reach all plants in a field and the outcome will be “quite different” from situations involving “laboratory-generated genetic modifications.” Gene modification via insects will likely affect crops other than the targeted ones. HEGAA technology also could end up reducing or finishing off seed production and leave no seeds to be marketed. Seeds necessary for perpetuation of plant species might disappear. DARPA researchers discussed none of this. 
Not everyone agrees with the official version of the story. Here is Whitney Webb’s comment on Insect Allies: “The most recent example of this involved DARPA’s “Insect Allies” program, which officially “aims to protect the U.S. agricultural food supply by delivering protective genes to plants via insects, which are responsible for the transmission of most plant viruses” and to ensure “food security in the event of a major threat,” according to both DARPA and media reports. However, a group of well-respected, independent scientists revealed in a scathing analysis of the program that, far from a “defensive” research project, the Insect Allies program was aimed at creating and delivering “new class of biological weapon.” The scientists, writing in the journal Science and led by Richard Guy Reeves, from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Germany, warned that DARPA’s program — which uses insects as the vehicle for as horizontal environmental genetic alteration agents (HEGAAS) — revealed “an intention to develop a means of delivery of HEGAAs for offensive purposes.” And China’s Global Times, understandably concerned with US biological activity surrounding the country, states “US military-led insect project feared to be weaponized and risks global food security, especially in ‘rival countries’ near its bio-labs.”
Even the New York Times tells us, “It doesn’t involve anything as noticeable as planes flying overhead to spray farms, and instead insects are quietly released that would pass these viruses onto crops that could kill them or sterilize their seeds. ‘Farmers wouldn’t know it was a targeted attack,’ Caetano-Anollés says. ‘It would just look like an illness or a virus that has infected their plants.” Other organisations express similar concerns. ACSH News asks, “Could We Turn Insects Into Biological Weapons?”,  and Chemistry Worldsays “insect-delivered genetic modification of crops prompts warnings.”  One concern is that this effort is backed by millions in funding and with multiple research teams working on the same objective. “Insect Allies is reportedly backed by $27 million (£21 million) of funding. There are four academic research teams currently working on the programme, including investigators at the Boyce Thompson Institute in New York, Pennsylvania State University, Ohio State University and the University of Texas at Austin.“
Leaks, Outbreaks, Illnesses and Deaths
As noted earlier, at least 249 patients died while participating inGilead’s “Hepatitis C Elimination Program” at the Lugar Lab in Georgia. Dilyana Gaytandzhieva made many good points on the US Military entomological warfare, using insects to transmit diseases, claiming with substantiation that the US has performed such experiments in both Georgia and Russia. One result she noted is that Tbilisi has been infested with biting flies ever since the Lugar lab opened. These biting insects live indoors all year long, primarily in bathrooms,, which was not the typical previous behavior of such species. Apparently, local residents now complain constantly of being bitten by these insects, and they appear to have now become entrenched in Dagestan, Russia, as well, an area very close to the Lugar lab.  I have here a few selected quotes from Dilyana’s long and excellent articles.
“Maj. Gen. Igor Kirillov cited the deaths of 73 volunteers who took part in tests of the new toxins at the Lugar lab in 2015-2016. “The near simultaneous deaths of a large number of volunteers give reason to believe that the Lugar Center was researching a highly toxic and highly lethal chemical or biological agent.” He also claimed that the spread of viral diseases in southern Russia could have been linked to the activities of the Lugar Center. He pointed to the spread of the African swine fever (ASF) from Georgia since 2007 that caused massive losses for the Russian farm sector. Ticks carrying the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever also spread across several regions of southern Russia in an unusual pattern, another sign of the US lab’s alleged involvement. Among the documents released was a US patent for a drone intended to disseminate infected insects, he said. Other patents covered projectiles for delivering chemical and biological agents.” 
Anthrax Outbreak in Georgia and NATO Human Trials
Pentagon scientists have been deployed in 25 countries and given diplomatic immunity to research deadly viruses, bacteria and toxins at US military offshore biolaboratories under a $2.1 billion DoD program. (Source: DTRA)Source
“In 2007 Georgia ended its policy of compulsory annual livestock anthrax vaccination. As a result, the morbidity rate of the disease reached its peak in 2013. The same year that NATO started human-based anthrax vaccine testsat The Lugar Center in Georgia, 34 people were infected with Hemorrhagic Fever, a tick-borne virus, at a time when US bio-warfare specialists were studying the virus in Georgia under the DTRA project “Epidemiology of febrile illnesses caused by Dengue viruses and other Arboviruses in Georgia”.” The lab was testing “patients” and collecting the ticks as vectors for the disease.
“As well, the Pentagon has a long history in using insects as vectors for diseases. According to a partially declassified 1981 US Army report, American bio warfare scientists carried out many such experiments as part of the US Entomological Warfare Program. These tropical mosquitoes have never been seen in Georgia, and are unusual anywhere in this part of the world. They were detected for the first time shortly after the Pentagon began operations at the Lugar Center, first in Georgia, then in neighboring Russia and Turkey.“
According to the 2005 Agreement between the US DoD and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the Ukrainian government is prohibited from public disclosure of sensitive information about the US program. Source
“The Ukrainian capital, according to the local media, has seen cases of a rare disease called dirofilariasis so far this year. It is transmitted by mosquitoes when they bite humans. This ailment is incited by parasites — roundworms Dirofilaria which affect both animals and people. Ukraine, a home to 14 biolabs funded by the US Department of Defense, has also become a hotbed for various infectious epidemics afflicting local residents and their domestic animals alike. Ukrainian health officials confirmed that a deadly measles virus genotype B3 (Kabul) is circulating in the Odessa region, and citizens from other regions have apparently been infected with variations of this disease, which is characterized by high pathogenicity and virulence. Its aggressiveness results in high incidence and lethality. More than 9,000 people, including nearly 6,000 children, have fallen seriously ill from this disease.” 
Dilyana reported that in another instance, there was an outbreak of an unusual poisoning in the city of Cherkasy that sent more than 50 students and several teachers to the hospital with symptoms of vomiting, dizziness, and headache. Fifteen children lost consciousness and eleven were in intensive care. This is not the first such case in Ukraine. Over the last few years, several cases related to poisoning (including botulinum toxin poisoning) and other incurable diseases have been reported across the country. The source of the outbreaks has never been identified, but their number has increased dramatically since the US opened its biological laboratories in Ukraine.
“The report comes in the wake of a scandal in Kiev last month in which lawmakers accused the US Embassy of scrubbing information about the work of two of its biolabs from its official website. [The] complaint alleged that since these labs’ deployment, Ukraine has faced outbreaks of deadly diseases, including a 2009 outbreak of hemorrhagic pneumonia, three cholera outbreaks between 2011 and 2015, hundreds of fatalities to swine flu in 2016, and the deaths of at least 20 Ukrainian servicemen to an unknown flu-like illness the same year. “The Ukrainian people have the right to know about secret programs,” the lawmaker stated in his demands for a probe.” 
Over 20 soldiers dead, more than 200 hospitalized after U.S. lab leaks ‘new and deadly virus’ in Ukraine. Source
“One of the US military’s biological warfare labs is located in Kharkiv where, in 2016, more than 20 Ukrainian soldiers died from a flu-like virus in just two days with 200 more being hospitalized. The virus produces a high fever which was apparently unresponsive to any known medications, and death resulted within two days. The Donetsk intelligence agencies reported that this flu was leaked from the same US military lab in Kharkiv where research of this virus was being performed. According to Ukrainian military medical personnel, mass diseases were recorded among the troops. The Ukrainian Commander said, “We keep registering [a growing epidemic] of acute respiratory infections among the Ukrainian military. Just since the beginning of this week more than 200 Ukrainian military have been taken to civil and military hospitals of Kharkov and Dnepropetrovsk. It is important to repeat that the DPR intelligence previously reported the research being carried out in a private [US military] laboratory in Shelkostantsiya, 30 km away from the city of Kharkov. According to our information, it is there where the deadly flu strain leaked from. One of the Pentagon bio-labs is located in Kharkiv which was blamed for the deadly Flu outbreak a year ago which claimed the lives of 364 Ukrainians.” Here is the article at archive.org 
The DONi News Agency reported that “Police investigate infection with incurable disease”. A highly suspicious Hepatitis A infection spread rapidly in just few months across South East Ukraine where most of the Pentagon biolabs are located. 37 people [were] hospitalized for Hepatitis A in the Ukrainian city of Mykolaiv as of January 2018. Local police have launched an investigation into “infection with human immunodeficiency virus and other incurable diseases”. Three years ago, more than 100 people in the same city became infected with Cholera. In the summer of 2017, 60 people with Hepatitis A were admitted to hospital in the city of Zaporizhia. In the Odessa region, 19 children from an orphanage were hospitalized for hepatitis A in June 2017.
Another news report: “Ukraine and Russia hit by new highly virulent cholera infection”. In 2011 Ukraine was hit by a Vibrio cholera outbreak. 33 patients were reportedly hospitalized for severe diarrhea. A second outbreak struck the country in 2014 when more than 800 people across Ukraine were reported to have contracted the disease. In 2015 at least 100 new cases were registered in the city of Mykolaiv alone. A new highly virulent variant of the cholera agent Vibrio cholera, with a high genetic similarity to the strains reported in Ukraine, hit Moscow in 2014. According to a 2014 Russian Research Anti-Plaque Institute genetic study the cholera strain isolated in Moscow was similar to the bacteria which caused the epidemic in neighboring Ukraine.
Yet another headline: “Police investigate Botulism toxin poisoning in Ukraine“. the Ukrainian Ministry of Health confirmed 115 Botulism cases, with 12 deaths, in Ukraine in 2016. In 2017 a further 90 new cases, with 8 deaths, of botulinum toxin poisoning. Botulin is one of the most poisonous biological substances known. According to local health authorities, the cause of the outbreak was food poisoning into which police launched an investigation. The Pentagon biolaboratories in Ukraine were among the prime suspects, as botulinum toxin is one of the bioterrorism agents which have already been produced at a Pentagon bioweapons facility. Botulinum neurotoxin poses a major bio-weapon threat because of its extreme potency, ease of production and transport. It causes paralysis, respiratory failure and ultimately death if not treated immediately. A single gram of crystalline toxin, evenly dispersed and inhaled can kill more than one million people. It could be disseminated via aerosol, or by contamination of water and/ or food supplies. Botulinum Toxin was tested as a bio-weapon by the US Army in the past, as well as Anthrax, Brucella, and Tularemia.
Viktor Medvedchuk, a Ukraine political party chairman, claimed that since the deployment of the US biological warfare labs in the country, Ukraine has faced multiple outbreaks of deadly diseases, including a 2009 outbreak of hemorrhagic pneumonia, three cholera outbreaks between 2011 and 2015, hundreds of fatalities from swine flu in 2016, and the deaths of at least 20 Ukrainian servicemen to an unknown flu-like illness the same year. “The Ukrainian people have the right to know about secret programs,” the lawmaker stated in his demands for a probe. 
The tularemia bacterium could cause a deadly outbreak in humans if untreated properly. Photo credit: National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases. Source
“Health officials in Switzerland have reported a sharp increase in the rare bacterial infection tularemia in humans. A growing number of incidents with tick bites has been recorded over the past few years.”  Tularemia is a very rare disease which has no business appearing in Switzerland. And, as with most of these cases, there is no clear epidemiology, no idea of source or cause, and no patient zero. If you recall the criteria for application of a biological warfare pathogen, this fits perfectly.
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Afghanistan
AKIPRESS.COM – 12 people died of meningococcal infection in Kazakhstan, Health Minister Yelzhan Birtanov said…
In 2018, Kazakhstan reported an outbreak of meningitis, with local media alleging that this particular strain may have been deliberately leaked from the Almaty lab to test the effectiveness of a specially-engineered strain of the disease. In March 2020, rumors again began to swirl that the spread of the coronavirus may be tied to the US-affiliated lab. Authorities vocally dismissed the claims and urged media and the public not to give in to panic.  Two people were admitted to the hospital in the Aksy district of the Jalal-Abad region of Kyrgyzstan with cases of anthrax, reports the news agency 24.kg.
Military bio-lab blamed for deadly Hemorrhagic Fever outbreak in Afghanistan, with around 250 cases reported, and nearly 50 deaths. “Most of the cases were in Kabul, and near the border with Iran. Afghanistan is one of 25 countries across the world with Pentagon bio-laboratories on their territory. The project in Afghanistan is part of the US bio-defense program funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). The DTRA contractors, working at The Lugar Center in Georgia, CH2M Hill and Battelle have also been contracted for the program in Afghanistan. The Pentagon contractors in Afghanistan and Georgia are the same and so are the diseases which are spreading among the local population in both countries.” 
Metabiota is a Department of Defense contractor specializing in research on pandemic-causing diseases that could be used as bioweapons. Source
The July, 2014 report by the Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Consortium lays the blame on Metabiota for issues at the lab, saying the company is failing to abide by an existing agreement… and bypassing the Sierra Leone scientists working there. 
The US Company Metabiota Inc. has been awarded federal contracts under the Pentagon’s DTRA program in Georgia and Ukraine for scientific and technical consulting services. These include global field-based biological threat research, pathogen discovery, outbreak response and clinical trials. Metabiota Inc. had been contracted by the Pentagon to perform work for DTRA before and during the Ebola crisis in West Africa – one of the countries at the epicenter of the Ebola outbreak.
Indonesian Chickens, and People, Hard Hit by Bird Flu – The New York Times. Source
Another headline: “The American Lab and the Bird Flu Pandemic“. In the late 2000s, the H5N1 strain of bird flu was raging in several countries across Southeast Asia, including Indonesia. The WHO was there, working with the secretive and suspect NAMRU-2 lab, “gathering samples“. It was this outbreak in Indonesia that finally led to the closure of NAMRU-2. The Indonesian Health Minister objected to the American agenda of collecting disease samples to be shared with the WHO and the American private contractors but sharing nothing with the Indonesian health authority and in fact hindering their own efforts at research and understanding of the source. It was then that she suspended all “sample sharing”, terminated the activities of the WHO and the physicians at NAMRU-2, and ordered the lab to be shut down. She did not state outright her suspicion that the H5N1 outbreak was caused by the NAMRU-2 lab, but it seemed clear that was her position. 
Outside of the Middle East, almost all the remaining MERS cases were in South Korea, which experienced about 200 cases and more than 40 deaths. In what may have been a substantial self-inflicted injury, the onset of the MERS outbreak in South Korea resulted in an outbreak of infections among the military, and 100 South Korean military personnel were quarantined at the USAF Osan Air Base. The circumstances were so unusual that this may have resulted from an accidental leak of the pathogen. The Osan base is home to the Joint US Forces-Korea Portal and Integrated Threat Recognition advanced technology demonstration (JUPITR ATD), a military biological surveillance program that operates its other lab facility at Fort Detrick, MD. It is also reportedly the home of one of the US military’s bio-weapons research labs. There was an informative and a bit incriminating article on the WHO website dealing with this, but access to the article is now apparently “forbidden.” 
South Korea is today the WHO center for virology due to the legacy of militarist Japan’s special-weapons group Unit 731. The Japanese military isolated highly contagious Hantavirus in occupied Manchuria during the late 1930s, disguising it under long-established bacteriological studies of bubonic plague. It was deployed against Chinese cities but, among the civilian casualties were at least 2,000 Japanese soldiers. The Hantavirus proved difficult to control, resulting in the deaths of more than 3,000 American soldiers, making it among the most lethal self-inflicted errors in the history of warfare. Long after the end of the Korean conflict, Hantavirus continued to kill Americans, including native Indians in the Four Corners region and, more recently, tourists in Yosemite National Park. 
Ignored in the worldwide media hysteria is a trail of evidence linking the MERS pandemic to virus research under the Pentagon’s biological warfare program. The following facts indicate the South Korean pandemic, which started in late May, may have been caused by a laboratory accident at the JUPITR biowarfare project at Osan U.S. Air Force Base, 40 km south of Seoul. In the earliest phase of the South Korean outbreak, 100 South Korean military personnel were quarantined at the USAF Osan Air Base, following the MERS infection of a servicemen. This early infection indicates the Korean soldier is the actual Patient Zero.  I will deal with MERS in a later Chapter.
India – Nipa virus
“Deadly new bat-borne virus spreads across Asia”
The nomenclature of Nipah virus, or NiV, originated from Sungai Nipah, a village in the Malaysian Peninsula where pig farmers became ill with encephalitis.
India has introduced urgent measures to limit the spread of the deadly Nipah virusin Kerala, the fourth outbreak in recent years.  The first human outbreak was reported in Malaysia in 1998 where, of 265 infected, 105 people died. Since then, there have been one or two outbreaks every year. More than half of the people who are infected, die. The most frequently reported outbreaks are in Bangladesh, but also in India, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. Nipa virus is an RNA virus; there are no medications or treatments that are useful, and there is no vaccine against it.
There is also no indication of source. In the initial outbreak in Malaysia, the virus was attributed to pigs, but this was later disproved, and there are no answer. Naturally, there is speculation that this virus originated with the US military.
In all the examples of outbreaks of strange illnesses in this Chapter, think back to the criteria for identification of the potential application of a biological weapon:
Disease caused by an unusual, rare, or uncommon pathogen, or an unusual strain of a common pathogen, indicating it was potentially genetically engineered
Lack of an epidemiological explanation. i.e., no clear idea of source or origin
Unusual presentation or manifestation of the disease, i.e., race-specific
Unusual geographic or seasonal distribution
Multiple epidemics. Simultaneous outbreaks at different locations with the same organism
Reverse or simultaneous spread. Diseases typically occur first among a susceptible animal population, then spread to humans.
Ask yourself which of the included examples fit the necessary criteria.
Mr. Romanoff’s writinghas been translated into 32 languages and his articles posted on more than 150 foreign-language news and politics websites in more than 30 countries, as well as more than 100 English language platforms. Larry Romanoff is a retired management consultant and businessman. He has held senior executive positions in international consulting firms, and owned an international import-export business. He has been a visiting professor at Shanghai’s Fudan University, presenting case studies in international affairs to senior EMBA classes. Mr. Romanoff lives in Shanghai and is currently writing a series of ten books generally related to China and the West. He is one of the contributing authors to Cynthia McKinney’s new anthology ‘When China Sneezes’. (Chapt. 2 — Dealing with Demons).
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